Two Czech Second War Liberation Table Medals with Case
Two Czech Second War Liberation Table Medals with Case - Czech Liberation Medal (bronze gilt, obverse illustrating a standing veiled woman with a pickaxe in her left hand, the head of the pickaxe on the ground, the Czech coat-of-arms and engraver's name "M. BEUTLER" to the right, a scroll, t-square and calipers beside the head of the pickaxe, the dates "1918 28./X. 1938" at her feet, scenes of agriculture and industry in the background, surrounded by the inscription "MUJ DRAHY NAROD CESKY NESKONA, ON VSECHNY HRUZY SLAVNE PREKONA" (My Dear Czech Nation, Famous for Overcoming All the Horrors), reverse illustrating a wooden hand rising from a map of Czechoslovakia, the fingers giving the "V" sign for Victory, linden leaves in its palm, a cross lying across the map with a scroll at its junction with the date "30/IX 1938" (date of the annexation of Sudetenland), six hands outside the map, four of which are stabbing at the map with swords, the other two grasping, inscirbed on the rim "ACH ZEMI KRASNOU, ZEMI MILOVANOU, KOLEBKU MOU I HROB MUJ, MATKU MOU, VLAST JEDINOU IV DEDICTVI MI DANOU, SIROU TU ZEMI, ZEMI JEDINOU" (Oh Earth, so Beautiful, so Beloved Cradle and My Grave, My Mother, My Only Homeland Inheritance Given, Wide Earth, Earthy Only, 65.6 mm) and Prague Uprising Medal (bronze gilt, obverse illustrates a woman holding a branch of olive leaves in her right hand, standing on a rock outcrop with a linden tree and the engraver's name "M. BEUTLER" in the foreground, flags of the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom in the background, reverse illustrating a raised defiant right fist and arm breaking through bricks, olive leaves and engraver's initials "M B" below, a silhouette of the Prague cityscape in the background, inscribed "PRAHA 5.KVETNA 1945" (PRAGUE 5th May 1945 = the date of the Prague Uprising) above, 65.6 mm). Very crisp detail, high relief, small scuff on the reverse of the Liberation Medal, together, near mint. In their hardshelled case of issue, recessed medal beds, case very fine. Footnote: In the early hours of September 30, 1938, leaders of Nazi Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy signed an agreement that allowed the Nazis to annex the Sudetenland, a region of Czechoslovakia that was home to many ethnic Germans. Adolf Hitler had threatened to take the Sudetenland by force. The Czechoslovakian government resisted, but its allies Britain and France, determined to avoid war at all costs, were willing to negotiate with Hitler. On September 29, Hitler met in Munich with Prime Ministers Neville Chamberlain of Britain, Edouard Daladier of France and Benito Mussolini of Italy to reach a final settlement. Czechoslovakian leaders were not included in the talks, having been given a choice by Britain and France: accept the terms or resist the Nazis on their own. The Munich Agreement did not bring about peace. The Nazis seized the rest of Czechoslovakia in the spring of 1939 and in September 1939, invaded Poland, starting World War II. It is often argued that the reluctance of Britain and France to stand up to Hitler emboldened him in his quest to conquer Europe. In fact, the Munich Agreement is held up as the prime example of the dangers of appeasement. The Prague Uprising was an attempt by the Czech resistance to liberate the city of Prague from German occupation during World War II. Events began on May 5, 1945, in the last moments of the war in Europe. The uprising went on until May 8, 1945, ending in a ceasefire the day of the arrival of the Soviet Red Army and one day after Victory in Europe Day.