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eMedals-Portugal. A Military Order of Christ, 1st Class Grand Cross Star, c.1920

Item: EU14683

Portugal. A Military Order of Christ, 1st Class Grand Cross Star, c.1920

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Portugal. A Military Order of Christ, 1st Class Grand Cross Star, c.1920

 

A superb, likely of French manufacture, hand filed star with a silver gilt 8 pointed star burst, with gold centre exhibiting a red and white enamelled cross, an enameled flaming heart on silver gilt backing, affixed to star by single rivet, measuring 96.5 mm (w) x 104.7 mm (h), vertical pinback flanked by dual stays, small flake to heart, otherwise near extremely fine.
 

Footnote: The Military Order of Christ, previously the Order of the Knights of Our Lord Jesus Christ, was the former Knights Templar order as it was reconstituted in Portugal after the Templars were abolished on March 22, 1312 by the papal bull, Vox in excelso, issued by Pope Clement V. The Order of Christ was founded in 1319, with the protection of the Portuguese king, Denis I, who refused to pursue and persecute the former knights as had occurred in all the other sovereign states under the political influence of the Catholic Church. Heavily swayed by Philip IV of France, Pope Clement had the Knights Templar annihilated throughout France and most of Europe on charges of heresy, but Denis revived the Templars of Tomar as the Order of Christ, largely for their aid during the Reconquista and in the reconstruction of Portugal after the wars. Denis negotiated with Clement's successor, John XXII, for recognition of the new order and its right to inherit the Templar assets and property. The Order of Christ, as awarded by the Portuguese government today, comes in five classes: Grand Cross (GCC), which wears the badge of the Order on a sash on the right shoulder, and the star of the Order in gold on the left chest; Grand Officer (GOC), which wears the badge of the Order on a necklet, and the star of the Order in gold on the left chest; Commander (ComC), which wears the badge of the Order on a necklet, and the star of the Order in silver on the left chest; Officer (OC), which wears the badge of the Order on a ribbon with rosette on the left chest; and Knight (CavC) or Dame (DamC), which wears the badge of the Order on a plain ribbon on the left chest. [C:41]
 

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