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eMedals-France, III Empire. A Legion of Honour, I Class Grand Cross Case, c.1900

Item: EU16729

France, III Empire. A Legion of Honour, I Class Grand Cross Case, c.1900

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France, III Empire. A Legion of Honour, I Class Grand Cross Case, c.1900

(Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur, Légionnaire). Instituted in 1802. (1870-1951 Issue.)Hardshelled design on both the lid and base, wooden frame with a chocolate brown simulated leather-look exterior on all sides, inside lid lined in white satin, padded and maker marked "FABRIQUE D'ORDRES A. BACQUEVILLE 5.Galerie Montpensier PALAIS-ROYAL PARIS", the lining exhibiting the impression of the once present Breast Star of the Order, the base and underside of the platform with a white pebbled facing, a white fabric-wrapped cardboard insert placed within the base and housing a raised platform in yellowish-white felt, the underlying medal bed for the Badge solid and able to flip up, the underlying medal bed for the Breast Star recessed and fixed into position, with a partially raised blue divider between the beds, dual-hinged, push release closure, measuring 133 mm (w) x 315 mm (h) x 61 mm (d), soiling and wear evident on the exterior, the rear panel on the lid having come away from the body of the case and exposing the underlying wooden frame but remains attached to the base via the two hinges, moisture damage present on the bottom, one tiny spot on the white satin lining, light soiling present on the yellowish-white felt of the medal beds, fair.


Footnote: The Legion of Honour (AKA National Order of the Legion of Honour) is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte. The order's motto is "Honneur et Patrie" ("Honour and Fatherland") and its seat is the Palais de la Légion d'Honneur next to the Musée d'Orsay, on the left bank of the River Seine in Paris. The order is divided into five degrees of increasing distinction: Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand-Croix (Grand Cross). Maison Bacqueville (Bacqueville House) began as a small firm called Halley in 1790, which obtained the right to strike awards. Octave Lasne took over Halley around 1860. In 1869, he obtained the right to make coins for Emperor Napoleon III, the store located at 5, Galerie Montpensier, Palais Royal, Paris. In 1900, the Lasne firm was bought by Albert Bacqueville. He was known for awards of rather good quality, encompassing the totality of the French orders of the Ancien regime and the Empire. It was taken over in 1980 by the Marck family, the current owner, specializing in the manufacture of military uniforms. However, it keeps the name of Maison Bacqueville and the address remains unchanged, in the Montpensier gallery of the Palais-Royal. The Bacqueville House still has in its private collection, a prototype of the Napoleon III necklace, which rehabilitated the Legion of Honour created by Napoleon I. They are today one of the last three manufacturers who hold the "right to strike" for certain French and foreign medals and decorations: the Legion of Honour, the Military Medal, the War Cross, the National Order of Merit, the Order of Academic Palms, the Order of Arts and Letters, the Order of Agricultural Merit, the Order of Maritime Merit, etc.

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