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eMedals-Finland, Republic. Two Second War Medals & Awards

Item: EU16042

Finland, Republic. Two Second War Medals & Awards

Price:

$90

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Finland, Republic. Two Second War Medals & Awards

Medal for Bravery of the Order of the Cross of Liberty, II Class Bronze Grade Medal with "1941": Vapaudenristin ritarikunta. Instituted in 1918. In bronze, measuring 30 mm in diameter, replacement incorrect ribbon; and Winter War 1939-1940 Medal, Type III for Finnish Soldiers with Air Force (Ilmapuolustus) Clasp: Talvisodan muistomitali. Instituted in 1940. In blackened iron, magnetic, inscribed "KUNNIA ISÄNMAA" on the reverse, measuring 31.5 mm (w) x 36.5 mm (h), "ILMAPUOLUSTUS" (Air Force) clasp on its original ribbon). Un-mounted, extremely fine.
 
Footnote: The Order of the Cross of Liberty is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the White Rose of Finland and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of the two orders, and usually of the Order of the Cross of Liberty as well, Grand Mastership of which is attached to the position of Commander-in-chief. In 1944, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (1867-1951) was designated as Grand Master for life. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board. The Order of the Cross of Liberty was founded on March 4, 1918, upon the initiative of General C. G. E. Mannerheim. The Finnish artist Akseli Gallen-Kallela was commissioned to design the Order's insignia with the swastika. At its foundation there were seven classes: grand cross, cross of liberty (1st to 4th class) and the medal of liberty (1st and 2nd class). The decorations of the Order of the Cross of Liberty were initially conferred only in time of war. A decree was issued on August 18, 1944 enabling the decorations to be awarded in peacetime. The Cross of Liberty has a red ribbon when it is granted in wartime and a yellow ribbon when it is awarded in peacetime. Decorations of the order were awarded in great numbers during the Second World War, partly due to Marshal Mannerheim having issued an order that wounded soldiers were to be awarded for their sacrifice, and Finland has no separate decoration for the wounded. The Cross of Liberty is usually reserved for commissioned officers, with the Medal of Liberty being awarded for soldiers of junior rank and NCOs. The Finnish Winter War Medal was instituted on August 2, 1940 and awarded to those who served during the Winter War campaign against the Soviet Union.
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