Two British War Volunteer & Service Badges
Two British War Volunteer & Service Badges - WWI War Munition Volunteer Badge, 1916-1918 - Brass, maker marked "J.R. GAUNT & SON Ltd LONDON" and marked "WARRANTED FIRE GILT" on the reverse, numbered "110098" on the buttonhole attachment, very crisp detail, 31.3 mm x 44 mm, light contact, near extremely fine. Footnote: This badge was issued by the Ministry of Munitions (MoM), to identify persons considered necessary for war work. The badge also identified the wearer as being exempt from call-up to active service. All war worker badges were tightly regulated and controlled with each one individually numbered and issued with a personal certificate. War worker badges were requested by companies from the MoM and in turn would present the badge to their individual employees. This War Munition Volunteer badge was in use from 1916 and intended for skilled men not already allocated to other "vital" war work. After the war ended there was no apparent attempt to call in the war service badges. WWII Air Raid Precautionary (ARP) Service Badge - Silver, hallmarked with the British lion, a leopard's head (made in London), date marked "D" (1939) and maker marked "J.C." on the reverse, 26 mm x 38.5 mm, with buttonhole attachment, light contact, near extremely fine. Footnote: Air Raid Precautions (ARP) was an organization in the United Kingdom set up as an aid in the prelude to the Second World War dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air-raids. It was created in 1924 as a response to the fears about the growing threat from the development of bomber aircraft. Many of the practices and ideals set forth by the ARP lived on beyond the War thorough Civil Defence during the Cold War and still exist today in civilian organizations in the United Kingdom and the United States.