The Colonial Order of the Star of Italy; Knight's Badge
The Colonial Order of the Star of Italy; Knight's Badge - Knight, marked 800 on ring, in silver gilt & enamels, 34.3mm x 36.7mm, flawless enamels, EF. Footnote: The order was instituted on January 18, 1914, to recognize meritorious conduct in the Italian colonies and was awarded particularly to members of the indigenous populations, as well as to Italians. Italy had sought colonies in Eritrea and Somalia in the 1880s and 1890s and invaded Tripoli on October 3, 1911. Ottoman Turkey ceded Libya to Italy in 1912 but armed resistance to Italian rule persisted for many years. The order was limited to the creation of a maximum of 150 knights, 50 officers, 20 commanders, 7 grand officers and 4 grand cordons per year. Due to its limited distribution and its frequent award to members of the indigenous population, it remains a rare order.