WWII RAF BEM Group to a Four Times Stalag Luft. III Escapee
WWII Group of Six, Wing Commander Flight/Lieutenant Charles Marshall (Pilot) RAF, POW (Stalag Luft. 3) FOUR TIME ESCAPEE Date: April 9, 2014 (originally sent February 8, 2013) Item 1: Title: Great Britain. WWII Group of Six, Wing Commander Flight/Lieutenant Charles Marshall (Pilot) RAF, POW (Stalag Luft. 3) FOUR TIME ESCAPEE Description: Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, MBE, Military; 1939-1945 Star; Air Crew Europe Star; Defence Medal; and War Medal 1939-1945. Very crisp detail, very dark patina on the MBE, light contact, original ribbons, mounted to a suspension bar with swing bar pinback, as worn by the veteran, better than very fine. Accompanied by Coronation Medal 1953, unmounted, dark patina, light contact. also better than very fine. Also included are copies of six pages of the Operation Record Book for 49 Squadron detailing operations for 1942; copy of his London Gazette MBE Military Citation (dated Friday, June 28, 1946); Royal Air Force Pilot's Wings Badge (two-colour embroidery on black wool, 48 mm x 110 mm); Royal Air Force, Pilot's Flying Log Book (named toCharles Marshall on the cover, covering the period November 1, 1938 to August 25, 1940, piloting Blenheim, Hampden, Hurricane, Whitley, etc., hardcover, 210 mm x 220 mm); Air Ministry, Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Certificate of Competency and Licence to Fly Private Flying Machines, AKA "Pilot's Licence" (with black and white photograph, dated November 28, 1938, hardcover, 102 mm x 148 mm); Marshall's Stalag Lft. 3 Identification Card (with black and white photograph and fingerprint, information on the reverse covering the period April 22, 1942 to January 13, 1944, separated into two pieces, 147 mm x 218 mm); two Certificates issued by the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce London (named to Charles Marshall, Stalag Luft. 3, dated 1943, for First Class in the German Language Exam, 170 mm x 237 mm each); Order of the British Empire Certificate (named to Charles Marshall Esquire Filght-Lieutenant, Royal Air Force, dated June 28, 1946, embossed stamped, 305 mm x 383 mm); Programme for Presentation of No. 83 Squadron Standard (dated June 10, 1963, eight pages with card cover, 182 mm x 242 mm); Bomber Command Museum Certificate (named to P.A. Marshall from Sir Arthur Harris, Marshal of the RAF and Group Captain G. L. "Leonard" Cheshire, embossed seal, 218 mm x 296 mm); Personal Letter from Air Commodore D.M. Strong, Air Ministry (addressed to Marshall regarding his retirement from the Service, dated September 19, 1960, 210 mm x 330 mm); Group Photograph of Marshall in Uniform (he appears in the the front row, second from the right, black and white, gloss finish, 167 mm x 211 mm); Photograph of Marshall in Uniform and his Wife on Their Wedding Day (stamped "MOBILE PRESS PHOTOS" with handwritten message on the reverse, black and white, matte finish, 162 mm x 218 mm); four additional photographs (three black and white, 53 mm x 62 mm, 88 mm x 127 mm, 87 mm x 137 mm respectively, and one colour, 100 mm x 148 mm); RAF Greeting Card (inscribed "Pollys Collection Shop 724-8216" inside, 103 mm x 152 mm); and Bomber Command Museum, Hendon Three-Panel Brochure (217 mm x 295 mm). Footnote: 41602 Flight/Lieutenant Charles Marshall (Pilot) was serving with 49 Squadron, along with Sergeant Woodhead, Sergeant Webster and Sergeant Grain on April 8-9, 1942 and were scheduled for a bombing mission aboard their Hampden Bomber but had their mission aborted, documented as "An unsuccessful sortie owing to failure of intercommunication. Nickels returned to base." Marshall returned to action with Sergeant Woodhead, Sergeant Webster and Sergeant Collins, with Collins substituting for the aforementioned Sergeant Grain, when on the night of April 10-11, 1942, their Hampden Bomber failed to return from a bombing raid on Essen, Germany. They were documented as "Missing without trace. Route believed Mablethorpe-Enkhisen (Mablethorpe-Enkhuizen) S. of Mohen See (Mohnesee), S. of Witten-Essen." In the London Gazette of Friday, June 28, 1946, he was cited for his MBE, Military. It documents that "Flight Lieutenant Marshall was forced to bale out of his aircraft in April, 1942, and landed at Essen. He evaded capture for three days, but was than arrested by German police on the outskirts of Darmstadt and taken to Dulag Lutt. Two days later Flight Lieutenant Marshall escaped from the camp by jumping over the perimeter wire. He hid in a concrete sentry box used by the guards until dusk, when he began walking south-west hoping to reach France. After two days he was challenged by the German police at Biebrich and arrested. For this attempt he was sentenced to 14 days' imprisonment, during which time he picked the lock of his cell and got out of the camp. He was, however, recognised by a German officer and returned to the camp. Whilst at Oflag XXIB (Schubin), Flight Lieutenant Marshall was engaged in digging a tunnel through which he and 31 other prisoners escaped on 3rd March, 1943. He and a companion, dressed as French workmen and carrying the necessary papers, began walking north with the intention of reaching Denmark, but on the second day they were arrested when trying to cross a bridge. In February, 1944, Flight Lieutenant Marshall made another attempt to leave the camp, dressed as a German workman, but he was stopped at the gate as he was unable to produce the correct pass. Flight Lieutenant Marshall served on the Escape Committee at Stalag Luft III for 14 months and was responsible for collecting military and escape information from the Germans." No doubt, he passed on his knowledge of the German language to fellow inmates and escapees. Stalag Luft. 3 was a Luftwaffe-run prisoner-of-war camp that housed captured air force servicemen in Lower Silesia, near the town of Sagan, Germany (now Zagan, Poland), 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Berlin. The site was selected because it would be difficult to escape by tunneling. The camp is best known for two famous prisoner escapes that took place there by tunneling, which were depicted in the films The Great Escape (1963) and The Wooden Horse (1950), and the books by former prisoners Paul Brickhill and Eric Williams from which these films were adapted.