WWI Canadian Group - Killed in Enemy Air Raid
WWI Canadian Group - Killed in Enemy Air Raid - 1939-1945 Star; Defence Medal; War Medal 1939-1945; Canadian Volunteer Service Medal with Overseas Clasp; and Efficiency Medal with CANADA bar (BTY. S.M. (W.O. CL. 2) R.E. ZARI R.C.A.). Naming is officially impressed on the EM. Un-mounted, original ribbons, better than extremely fine. Accompanied by copies of his Index Cards, Attestation Paper, Service Records, Particulars of Family of an Officer of the Canadian Active Service Force, Quebec Death Transcript, Estates Application and Application Recommending Zarifor the Efficiency Medal (dated July 22, 1942). Footnote: Richard Emmanuel Zari was born on April 12, 1910 in Quebec City, Quebec, the son of Mario Orlando Zari and Rosina Mary (Herbert) Zari. He had one brother, Martin Anselme Zari and three sisters, Rosina-Mary Josephine Zari, Elinor Maria Zari, Yolanda-Mary Zari and Leona-Rosina Zari, the latter having predeceased him in 1926. He signed his Canadian Active Service Force Attestation Paper, as a Gunner (E/0018) with the 57th Quebec Field Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery on September 6, 1939 in Quebec City, naming his next-of-kin as his wife, Maude Zari (nee Copeman) of Limoilou, Quebec, stating that he had been serving as a member of an active militia for ten years with the 57th Quebec Field Battery since April 18, 1929 when he was nineteen, that he was married and that his trade as that of Oiler Millwright in a Paper Mill. He also had served previously with the 8th Royal Rifles of Canada for one year, from May 1928 to May 1929. He had two young children, Herbert Mario Zari and Lorna Gail Zari and was insured with the Mutual Life Insurance Company. Zari was promoted to the rank of Battalion Quartermaster Sergeant (BQMS) the day he enlisted. He was placed "On Command" at Ottawa for an Anti-Tank Course on November 5, 1939, returning to the 57th Quebec Field Battery on December 12th. Six days later, he embarked Halifax, Nova Scotia on December 18, 1939, aboard H.M.T. Reina del Pacifico (The Queen of the Pacific) for service in the European theatre, disembarking at Glasgow, Scotland on the 31st. He qualified as a Motorcyclist on April 17, 1940 and took on the rank of Acting Battery Sergeant Major on December 14, 1940, being confirmed as same on the 16th. Zari is documented as having been admitted to Purley and District War Memorial Hospital, Purley, Surrey on November 3, 1941 for an undisclosed illness, being discharged the next day. Zari signed an Application Recommending him for the Efficiency Medal, co-signed by a Major J.C. Campbell, dated July 22, 1942, stating that he had one years' service with the 8th Royal Rifles of Canada (May 1928 to May 1929), ten years' service with the 57th Quebec Field Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery (May 1929 to September 1939) and two years and ten months active service with the 57th Anti-Tank Battery/1 Canadian Anti-Tank Regiment RCA (which doubled upon active service, to five years and eight months for Efficiency Medal qualification, September 1939 to July 1942), totalling sixteen years and eight months. Six months after applying for the Efficiency Medal, and now three years in England, he was struck off strength of 1 Anti-Tank Regiment and taken on strength at No. 1 Non-Effective Transit Depot on January 12, 1943. The following Saturday night, January 16, 1943, Royal Air Force Bomber Command sent a force of 187 bombers on an overnight raid of Berlin, Germany. Hitler immediately ordered two revenge attacks on London, with twenty-five to thirty bombers flying over the city between 8:00 pm and 10:00 pm on Sunday, January 17th and the same number on Monday, January 18th between 4:30 am and 6:00 am. Five days after being transferred to No. 1 Non-Effective Transit Depot, Battery Sergeant Major (BSM), Warrant Officer 2nd Class Zari was killed during the first of these two enemy air raids on London, on January 17, 1943, at the age of 32. He is buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery, Croydon, Surrey, United Kingdom, Plot 39, Row E, Grave 4. Brookwood Military Cemetery is owned by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and is the largest Commonwealth war cemetery in the United Kingdom, covering approximately thirty-seven acres. In 1917, an area of land in Brookwood Cemetery (originally The London Necropolis) was set aside for the burial of men and women of the forces of the Commonwealth and Americans, who had died, many of battle wounds, in the London district. This site was further extended to accommodate the Commonwealth casualties of the Second World War, and American, Belgian, Czech, Dutch, French and Polish plots containing the graves of Allied casualties. There are also German and Italian plots where prisoners of war lie buried. Memorial Crosses were issued to his widow, Mrs. Maud Florence Mari and his mother, Mrs. Mario Zari, both of which were despatched on March 26, 1943.