Union Grand Army of the Republic Veteran's Medal & Captain Bar
Union Grand Army of the Republic Veteran's Medal & Captain Bar - In bronze (44.5 mm x 46 mm), eagle with crossed cannons over cannonballs suspension (bronze, patent marked "PAT. MAY 4, 1886. June 22, 1886." with a pot suspended over an open fire insignia on the reverse, 20.8 mm x 39.2 mm, pinback), with rectangular framed silver eagle Captain's Bar (15.7 mm x 39.8 mm) on original ribbon, extremely fine. Footnote: The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War. Founded in 1866 in Decatur, Illinois, it was dissolved in 1956 when its last member died. Linking men through their experience of the war, the GAR became among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, lobbying the US Congress to establish veterans' pensions, and supporting Republican political candidates. Its peak membership, at more than 400,000, was in 1890; a high point of Civil War commemorative ceremonies. It was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW), composed of male descendants of Union veterans.