Second War Group to the Indian Mountain Artillery
Second War Group to the Indian Mountain Artillery - Indian General Service Medal 1936-1939, 2 Clasps - NORTH WEST FRONTIER 1936-37, NORTH WEST FRONTIER 1937-39 (7251 JEMDR. AMIRALI, 19 MTN. BTY.); 1939-1945 Star; Burma Star; India Service Medal; War Medal 1939-1945; and Coronation Medal 1937. Naming on the IGSM is officially impressed, the other medals are unnamed. Dark patina and bruising on the IGSM, original ribbons, mounted to a suspension with swing bar pinback, as worn by the veteran, light contact, better than very fine. Footnote: Amir Ali joined the Indian Mountain Artillery as a Gunner, on February 21, 1921 and was promoted to Jemadar with the 19th (Maymyo) Indian Mountain Battery, Royal Artillery at Fort Sanderman on October 21, 1936. The Battery moved to Rawalpindi on March 27, 1937 and by May, the Battery was part of the 25th Mountain Brigade, Royal Artillery Wazirforce, consisting of the 1st (Indian) Division and the Waziristan Division. Bannu Brigade left Ghariom at 0445 hours on May 27, 1937, supported by the 7th and 19th Mountain Batteries, with the first day's objective being Pasal, which was reached by transport at 1245 hours. The advance was opposed, at times in strength, but the brigade was in camp by 1800 hours, with total casualties of seven killed and twenty wounded. The Bannu Brigade moved to Arsalkot on May 28th and destroyed that village, returning to Pasal by 1900 hours. The operation had been carried out successfully, with the Tori Khels submitting. In June 1939, the 19th Battery was part of Razcol and along with the 8th (Lahore) Mountain Battery was attached in support of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, which had moved out from Gardaí on June 2, 1938, to attack a lashkar which had burnt the Khassadar post at Datta Khel and was investgating the Scout post. The fire was heavy but the infantry attained their objective supported by the two batteries. The Battery, along with the 8th (Lahore) Mountain Battery found themselves under fire from enemy artillery at about 1900 yards on June 15th and silenced it in fifteen minutes. In January 1939, Ali was serving in the 25th Mountain Regiment, Royal Artillery at Abbotobad and by the beginning of WWII, his Regiment was stationed in Waziristan where it was to remain through 1941. The Regiment proceeded to Quetta in 1942 and in May 1943 until the end of the war, it served in Burma with the 7th Indian Division, taking part in the Second Arakan Campaign. In early February 1944, the 25th Indian Mountain Regiment was in support of the 114th Indian Infantry Brigade, located on Pyinshe Ridge about one mile north of the village of Tatmakhali. It was here that they encountered heavy Japanese resistance on February 4th and by nightfall, were victorious over their Japanese opposition. In November 1944, the 19th Mountain Battery left the 25th Indian Mountain Regiment and helped to form the 35th Indian Mountain Regiment in the 25th Indian Division. Two months later, in January 1945, the 19th Mountain Battery along with the 34th Mountain Battery joined the 82nd (West African) Division for the operations against Myohaung, which was captured on January 25th and the two batteries were sent to Akyab to rejoin their regiment. On the Mayu Front in Burma, the 25th Indian Division was opposed by the Japanese 55th Division Infantry Group. The 33rd Indian Mountain Regiment was under the 53rd Infantry Brigade that had been trained for an amphibious assault on the north-west corner of Akyab Island, to be captured by the capture of Akyab from the landward side. The Brigade travelled downstream with speed and the town and harbour fell on January 4, 1945. The Battery left Burma in mid-1945 with the 19th Mountain Battery reaching Calcutta, India in May. Ali is confirmed on the Indian Army Lists as being with the 19th (Maymyo) Mountain Battery, Royal Artillery at Rawalpindi (October 1937), with the 5th (Bombay) Mountain Battery, Royal Artillery at Abbotabad (July 1938 and January 1939), with the 25th Mountain Regiment, Royal Artillery at Abbotabad (July 1939 and October 1939) and with the 5th (Bombay) Mountain Battery, Royal Artillery (April 1940).