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eMedals-Spain, Fascist State. A José Antonio Old Guard of Murcia Falange Sash

Item: EU12477

Spain, Fascist State. A José Antonio Old Guard of Murcia Falange Sash

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Spain, Fascist State. A José Antonio Old Guard of Murcia Falange Sash

Fabricated from rayon, wide central black stripe flanked by red stripes on either side, representing the colours of the Falange organization, screen-printed in gold-coloured ink "A JOSE ANTONIO LA VIEJA GUARDIA DE MURCIA" in 33 mm high letters on the black stripe at the left end of the banner, the left end with a swallowtail design, the right end with tiny holes and pleats evident from having been attached to a pole, 94 mm x 1,230 mm, the letters exhibit ghosting as traces of the original gold-coloured ink remains but continues to be legible, near extremely fine.

Footnote: José Antonio Primo de Rivera y Sáenz de Heredia, 1st Duke of Primo de Rivera, 3rd Marquis of Estella, GE (April 24, 1903 - November 20, 1936) was a Spanish lawyer, nobleman, politician, and founder of the Falange Española ("Spanish Phalanx"), a nationalist party inspired by Fascism and established on October 29, 1933. On March 14, 1936, he was arrested in Madrid and charged with illegal possession of firearms. Nine weeks later, he was transferred to the prison in Alicante. Security in that prison was lax and he was able to communicate with Nationalist conspirators by post until a new director of the prison took charge and his cell was searched. The search turned up two handguns and a hundred rounds of ammunition, so thereafter he was held in solitary confinement. On October 3rd, he was charged with conspiracy against the Republic and military insurrection, both capital offences. Primo de Rivera conducted his own defence. On November 18th, at 2:30 a.m., he was found guilty and sentenced to death by firing squad. The sentence was carried out early in the morning of November 20, 1936 by the Spanish republican government during the course of the Spanish Civil War. This date became a day of remembrance for the Spanish Far-Right.

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