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eMedals-Spain, Kingdom. An Award of Distinction for the Battle of Irun, Troop Version. c.1837

Item: EG1460

Spain, Kingdom. An Award of Distinction for the Battle of Irun, Troop Version. c.1837

Sale Date: December 27, 2017 Hammer Price

$790

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Spain, Kingdom. An Award of Distinction for the Battle of Irun, Troop Version. c.1837

A privately made troop version in delicately made in gold, composed of gold oval disc with laurels and edge crimped over rim, tower and sword insignia affixed by two prongs, measuring 20 mm (w) x 28 mm (h - inclusive of horizontally pierced integral ball suspension), 2.6 grams, extremely fine. In fine period case of issue, in leather bound case with gold embossed boarder, good/fine.

Footnote: In May 1837, while the bulk of the Carlist army was absent on the Royal Expedition, the troops of the Liberal garrison of San Sebastián led by Lacy Evans, Commander of the British Auxiliary Legion, launched an offensive to take the corridor joining the city with the French border. They had just received reinforcements from troops in Portugalete and close to 20,000 men left San Sebastián to take Lezo, Rentería, Astigarraga and Hernani on the 14th and 15th of May. Espartero set up base in Hernani, in order to protect Evans' troops, which were heading to Oiartzun and the mouth of the river Bidasoa. The Carlists abandoned Oiartzun when they saw Jáuregui's division advancing, but decided to stand firm in Irun. This garrison was defended at the fort of ""El Parque"" and the Town Hall, which had been fortified for the occasion. Just 500 Carlists, made up of troops and volunteers, faced Evans' 12,000 men, 5,000 of whom were British and recently humiliated in the Battle of Oriamendi. On the afternoon of the 16th, the British artillery began bombarding, but only managed to take the houses outside the city walls. The offensive began again at daybreak on the 17th and lasted all day because of the strong Carlist defence. The Liberal cannons were not powerful enough, so they were forced to attack with the infantry and take the city almost house by house, suffering many casualties in the act. The Town Hall and fort finally surrendered that same afternoon. The long, drawn-out battle and numerous casualties gave rise to the sacking of the town, mainly by the British troops. Hondarribia surrendered the day after without resistance. The Guipuzcoan border was now controlled by the Liberals. This medal was issued for distinction, to the forces who participated at the Battle of Irun on May 17, 1837.

This offering is a part of the "Dr. Albert Goodwin Collection", a preeminent assemblage of world Orders, Medals, and Decorations composed solely by Dr.Goodwin between 1946-1967. Dr. Goodwin had a successful career as an educator and prominent physician in New York as well as actively serving in both World Wars with the United States Medical Corps. He acted as both President and Vice-President of the Orders and Medals Society of America (OMSA) and is responsible for organizing their first convention in 1960. He maintained further membership with the American Society of Military Collectors, the International Orders Research Society, and the American Numismatic Society. His knowledge and passion for history and awards is evident in this meticulously compiled collection that is now available in its entirety for the first time exclusively on eMedals.com.

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