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eMedals-Greece, Kingdom. An Order of the Redeemer, I Class Grand Cross Case with Sash and Letter from the War Office

Item: EU17013

Greece, Kingdom. An Order of the Redeemer, I Class Grand Cross Case with Sash and Letter from the War Office

Sale Date: June 6, 2019 Hammer Price

$556

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Greece, Kingdom. An Order of the Redeemer, I Class Grand Cross Case with Sash and Letter from the War Office

Instituted in 1829. Hardshelled design on both the lid and base, the exterior with a navy blue pebbled fabric covering on all sides, the lid with a rule on the perimeter in gold-coloured ink, inside lid lined in white satin, padded and maker marked "BY APPOINTMENT / SPINK & SON Ltd / MEDALLISTS TO HIS MAJESTY THE KING / LONDON. S.W.", the lining exhibiting the impressions of the once present Badge and Breast Star of the Order, a white fabric-wrapped cardboard insert placed within the base, the underside of the platform and base lined in a synthetic material bearing a stylized pattern, the base housing a raised platform in navy blue felt, the platform with a recessed medal bed for the Badge and a slotted medal bed for the Breast Star, along with a tab attached to the top edge and when lifted up, releases the platform to expose the 100 mm (w) x 760 mm (h) Sash with bow-tied rosette and hook for the Badge, dual-hinged, single clasp closure, measuring 208 mm (w) x 140 mm (h) x 64.5 mm (d), very light wear on the exterior, very light soiling on the inside lid and in the base, case and sash near extremely fine. Accompanied by a Letter from the War Office (inscribed "THE WAR OFFICE, LONDON, S.W.1. / 16 July, 1946. / 68/Gen/7679(MS3L). / Sir, I am directed to inform you that we hold in this Department the insignia and the diploma of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer awarded to you by the Greek Government. Will you please inform us to what address you wish these sent. I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant,", with the printed signature of Major D.S. Cowans-Fairweather, "General, Military Secretary,", with the recipients name and address "Field-Marshal The Lord Alanbrooke, O.M., G.C.B., D.S.O., / Ferney Close, / Hartley, / Wintney, / Hants." at the lower left, the form portion of the letter with typewritten text printed in black ink, with personalized typewritten text in black ink, on an off-white paper stock, measuring 177 mm (w) x 222 mm (h), fold marks).

 

Footnote: The Order of the Redeemer (AKA Order of the Saviour) is an order of merit of Greece. The Order of the Redeemer is the oldest and highest decoration awarded by the modern Greek state. The establishment of the Order of the Redeemer was decided by the Fourth National Assembly at Argos in 1829, during the final year of the Greek War of Independence. The decision was not immediately implemented, however, and the relevant decree was signed in Nafplio by the Regency Council (Josef Ludwig von Armansperg, Karl von Abel and Georg Ludwig von Maurer) in the name of King Otto on May 20, 1833. According to the decree of establishment, the name of the Order "shall recall the, by divine assistance miraculously and fortuitously accomplished, salvation of Greece". According to the original decree, the Order was to be awarded to those Greek citizens who partook in the War of Independence, or "who should distinguish themselves henceforth in any branch of public service, in the army and navy, in the diplomatic and judicial corps, in public administration, in the arts, science, agriculture and industry, commerce, or should distinguish themselves in any other social field through outstanding civic virtue, and through illustrious services to the Throne, for the Glory of the Hellenic name and for the welfare of the fatherland", while foreigners were admitted either for past services to Greece, or due to their ability "to bring honour to the Order, through their outstanding personal virtues and excellence". Since its establishment in 1833, and in common with all Greek orders of merit, the Order of the Redeemer has five classes: Grand Cross, Grand Commander, Commander, Gold (Officer's) Cross and Silver (Knight's) Cross. Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, KG, GCB, OM, GCVO, DSO & Bar (July 23, 1883 - June 17, 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army. He was Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS), the professional head of the British Army, during the Second World War, and was promoted to Field Marshal in 1944. As chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, Brooke was the foremost military advisor to Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister, and had the role of co-ordinator of the British military efforts in the Allies' victory in 1945.

After retiring from the army, he served as Lord High Constable of England during the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. His war diaries attracted attention for their criticism of Churchill and for Brooke's forthright views on other leading figures of the war. Brooke was created Baron Alanbrooke, of Brookeborough in the County of Fermanagh, in 1945, and Viscount Alanbrooke in 1946. Other awards included: the Knight of the Garter (KG) in 1946, the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in 1942, the Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in 1940, the Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1937, the Member of the Order of Merit (OM) in 1946, the Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in 1953, the Distinguished Service Order in 1916 and Bar in 1918, was ADC General to the King, 1944 to 1946, Colonel Commandant of The Glider Pilot Regiment 19?? to 1951, Colonel Commandant Honourable Artillery Company 1946 to 1954, Master Gunner, St. James's Park, the ceremonial head of the Royal Regiment of Artillery 1946 to 1956, Constable of the Tower of London 1950 to 1955, Colonel Commandant Royal Artillery 19?? to 1957, Deputy Lieutenant County of Southampton and the Town of Southampton 1950 and Lord Lieutenant of the County of London 1950 to 1957. He also served as Chancellor of The Queen's University of Belfast from 1949 until his death. At the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953, he was appointed Lord High Constable of England, thus commanding all troops taking part in the event. In 1993, a statue of Field Marshal Lord Alanbrooke was erected in front of the Ministry of Defence in Whitehall in London. The statue is flanked by statues of Britain's other two leading generals of the Second World War, Viscount Slim and Viscount Montgomery. His foreign decorations include: the Order of Polonia Restituta I Class (Poland, 1943), the Order of Suvorov I Class (USSR, 1944), the Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold with Palm (Belgium, 1946), the Croix de Guerre 1940 with Palm (Belgium, 1946), the I Class Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer (Greece, 1946), the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (Netherlands, 1948), the Croix de Guerre (Belgium, 1918), the I Class Grand Cross of the Order of Dannebrog (Denmark, 1951) and the Order of Christ (Portugal, 1955).

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