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eMedals-Germany, Heer. Documents Of Oskar Heberlein, Radio Operator In Special Unit “Brandenburg” & Son Of Diplomat In Spain

Item: M0353-1

Germany, Heer. Documents Of Oskar Heberlein, Radio Operator In Special Unit “Brandenburg” & Son Of Diplomat In Spain

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Germany, Heer. Documents Of Oskar Heberlein, Radio Operator In Special Unit “Brandenburg” & Son Of Diplomat In Spain

The estate consists of a large number of letters and documents, including, but not limited to:


Heberlein’s Soldbuch, dated to October 10, 1941. Measuring 105 (w) mm x 145 (h) mm, presenting some scuffing and light fraying of the cover, the spine having mostly come apart, yet still holding together, with the interior virtually free of damage, remaining near very fine.


Wehrmacht Soldaten-Atlas (soldier’s map), 1941, 32 pages, measuring 335 (w) mm x 245 (h) mm, presenting light scuffing and fraying, a folding crease, and several loose pages, remaining near very fine.


A number of ID cards, including: Wartime ID card for Heberlein of the RFD (Reichsfachschaft für das Dolmetscherwesen = National Association of Translators) for Spanish language. Spanish driver’s licence (duplicate), dated to Madrid on August 17, 1943. German ID card, dated to Ettal (southern Bavaria) on December 13, 1934. Spanish diplomatic ID card, certifying Heberlein as the son of the consulate at the German embassy in Salamanca. Dated to September 19, 1937. Spanish residency card of Heberlein’s mother Margot, dated to Toledo on May 23, 1964.


A letter to Heberlein’s father from a fellow diplomate, telling him to remain careful when writing official statements and to not mention any German military personnel by name and rank, as well as to not mention the work of German military units. Letter is deemed “classified” (geheim) and is dated to Berlin, October 20, 1937.


Several documents and letters to and from Heberlein’s parents, family, and officials, with the goal to achieve Heberlein’s return from Bavaria to Spain, in order to be able to reunite with his parents. These include: A letter to the military government of the US occupied zone of Germany. A certification from Spanish Director General of Foreign Affairs Pelon Olay stating that Heberlein is eligible to enter Spain. Dated to Madrid on April 2, 1946. An application for military travel permit to leave Germany for Spain. Dated to November 8, 1946.


Marching order, originally from April 30, 1945. Urgent special mission to join RAD Regiment 2 in Unterjoch, southern Bavaria. Heberlein is part of Grenadier Replacement and Training Battalion 470, 1st Convalescent Company.


Certificate of dismissal from army service, dated to May 1, 1945.


Certificate by Licenciado Anastasio Serrano Rubio, priest of the San Miguel y San Julián Church in Madrid, dated March 24, 1894, confirming that Camilo Antonio Calleja was born on February 15, 1894 in Madrid. The priest describes the communal baptism of Camilo Antonio performed by Licenciado Antonio Maria de Cascajeres y Azarra, Knight of the Order of Calatrava, I Class of the Order of Charity and member of the Royal Cavalry Academy of Zaragoza. The letter also describes the genealogical tree of Camilo Calleja as following: his parents were Don Camilo Calleja from Santiago, and Doña Anastacia M. Lurigut from New York; mother’s grandparents were Don Celestino Calleja Pino and Doña Gertrudiz Garcia Perez from Madrid; father’s grandparents were Don Maurice Lurigut and Doña Katherin McLarthy Fee.


Letters from friends and family, as well as old army comrades, mostly post-war (1946).


Transcript of Heberlein’s baptism certificate, original dated to October 5, 1928, transcript dated to November 16, 1939.


Several report cards from elementary and high school.


Footnote: Oskar “Ossi” Heberlein was born on April 1, 1923 in Madrid, Spain. He was the son of German embassy councillor Erich Heberlein and his Spanish wife Margot, née Calleja. The Heberleins moved around a lot, first to Koblenz, Germany, then Athens, Greece in 1930. Between 1932 and 1936 Oskar went to school in southern Bavaria. Due to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 Heberlein’s parents had to move to Buenos Aires, Argentina. They eventually moved back to Spain, to Salamanca in the fall of 1937. During that time Heberlein became interested in radio transmitting and got a job at the German embassy’s radio transmission office. Between 1938 and 1941 he finished highschool at German schools in Spain, namely in Sevilla, San Sebastian, and Madrid. Afterwards he did two internships at electrical companies in Spain.


In 1941, Heberlein was drafted and returned to Bavaria. His active military service began on October 10, 1941. Heberlein initially received training as an artillery gunner with Artillery Replacement Battalion 157 in Munich. However, in the spring of 1942 he joined the Frontaufklärungs-Truppen (front reconnaissance troops). He worked in a lab developing and testing special shortwave radio transmitters. In late 1942 he joined Signals Battalion 800 Special Unit Brandenburg (mentioned in his Soldbuch as Feldpost number 26485). Between the summer of 1943 and the end of the war Heberlein worked as a radio operator in the field. He was promoted to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal) on May 1, 1943. By this time Heberlein was part of the OKW Ausland / Abwehr I Außendienststelle Belzig (Mark) (Supreme Army Command’s foreign / defense authority, branch of Belzig in Brandenburg, southeast of Berlin). Heberlein received his final promotion, to Obergefreiter (Corporal), on November 1, 1944. At this time he was part of Signals Battalion 3 of the Front Reconnaissance Troops. Heberlein was dismissed from military service on May 1, 1945, his final unit being listed as Grenadier Replacement and Training Battalion 470, 1st Convalescent Company.


Heberlein spent a few months as a POW of the French, working as a car electrician. He then moved to Haar just outside of Munich in late October of 1945. Here, he worked as an electrician, initially for the USAF 464th Air Service Group, until at least the summer of 1946. Towards the end of the year, him and his parents were desperately trying to have him returned to Spain. The documents don’t confirm that he did, but it is very likely that eventually he was able to do so.


Heberlein’s parents had returned to Germany at some time after the outbreak of the war, however Erich Heberlein, even though a German civil servant, was a political adversary of the Third Reich regime. On the grounds of a recovery vacation to overcome an illness, Erich and Margot Heberlein returned to Spain, after which they refused to leave the country again. However, in July of 1944, both were abducted by the Gestapo, taken to Germany, and interned as political prisoners in several prisons and four concentration camps, among them Dachau and Buchenwald. After being liberated by US forces, they returned to Spain and lived in Toledo, awaiting the return of their son.

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