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eMedals-Germany, Imperial. A Pour-le-Mérite & Military Max Joseph Order, to General Arnold Ritter von Möhl

Item: G41157

Germany, Imperial. A Pour-le-Mérite & Military Max Joseph Order, to General Arnold Ritter von Möhl

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Germany, Imperial. A Pour-le-Mérite & Military Max Joseph Order, to General Arnold Ritter von Möhl

(Pour le Mérite und Königreich Bayern Militärischer Max Josef Orden). A Pour le Mérite presenting as a Maltese cross constructed of gilded bronze with blue-enamelled arms, with eagles in between each cross arm, the obverse presents the crown and cypher F for Friedrich on the top cross arm and the name Pour le Mé-rite reading from the left cross arm to the right and ending on the bottom, this example shows signs of the Godet design but was made and offered by the Otto Schickle Firm during the Weimar era, based on the Godet design, this particular example was constructed by soldering two halves together, measuring 51.77 mm (w) x 52.93 mm (h), weighing 19.56 grams, on loop for suspension from neck ribbon, and in mint condition, accompanied by an Authentication and Appraisal provided by Medalnet Appraisal Services, Andreas Schulze Ising and Bernd Kruse, dated 6 February 2019.

A Bavarian Military Max Joseph Order, Knight, a Maltese Cross constructed of gilded silver with white enamelled arms tipped with ball finials, the obverse centre in blue enamel with the monogram of Max Joseph (a cursive MJK), the reverse centre applique also in blue enamel with the Latin motto of the order VIRTUTI PRO PATRIA (BRAVERY FOR THE FATHERLAND), surmounted by a swivel crown, presenting the engraved number 10 on the flat loop, measuring 30.26 mm (w) x 44.95 mm (h), weighing 12.7 grams, on flat loop for suspension from period original ribbon, and in mint condition, accompanied by an Authentication and Appraisal provided by Medalnet Appraisal Services, Andreas Schulze Ising and Bernd Kruse, dated 16 February 2019.

Footnote: Arnold von Möhl (1867-1944) joined the 6th Infantry Regiment of the Royal Bavarian Army in August of 1884. From 1 March 1885 to 10 February 1886, he completed the officer training course at the academy in Munich and was promoted to Fähnrich on 16 April 1885. His promotion to Second Lieutenant followed on 11 January 1887. On 1 October 1890, Möhl joined the 19th Infantry Regiment at Erlangen. Later, Möhl was assigned to the 6th Infantry Brigade in Landau. Three years later, he joined the central office of the Bavarian General Staff and was promoted to Captain on 27 July 1901. From 30 September 1903, Möhl commanded a company in the 1st Infantry Regiment, serving simultaneously as deputy judge at the court of the regiment. From 17 October 1905 to 30 September 1906, he was the First General Staff Officer of the 4th Division and then a Major, teaching at the Military Academy. On 22 October 1909, Möhl returned to service and was a battalion commander in the 6th Infantry Regiment. On 3 March 1911, Möhl was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. Two years later, he was appointed Director of the Military Academy and promoted to Colonel in August of 1913.

At the beginning of the First World War, Möhl was commander of the 6th Infantry Regiment, participating in the mobilization on the Western Front in the Battle of Lorraine. He became Chief of the General Staff of the I. Armee-Korps and was promoted to Generalmajor on 8 April 1915. From 13 September 1916 to 14 January 1917, Möhl commanded the 12th Infantry Brigade and then received command of the 16th Infantry Division.

For his service during the Battle of Monchy-Bapaume, Möhl was awarded the Pour le Mérite on 9 October 1918 as well as the Bavarian King Ludwig III awarded him the Knight’s Cross of the Military Max Joseph Order. He was now designated as Major General Arnold Ritter von Möhl.

After the war, he was then employed as Oberquartiermeister at the General Staff in Berlin, but he remained in Bavaria, where he became the central figure in the reorganization of the military and the suppression of the Munich Soviet Republic. In 1919, he was appointed commander of the Reichswehr Group Command 4. He invaded Munich and put an end to the Soviet Republic. He established until the fall of 1919 a military dictatorship. When he took over the Bavarian troops in the Reichswehr he was then appointed commander of the Wehrkreiskommando VII. In the formation of the 100,000-man army of the Reichswehr he was then appointed commander of the 7th Division of the Reichswehr in Munich, becoming at the same time the commander of Military District VII and State Commander of Bavaria. On 23 June 1920, Möhl was promoted to Lieutenant General and on 14 December 1922 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Gruppenkommando 2 in Kassel. In 1923, he was promoted to General of the Infantry and at the end of 1924 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Gruppenkommando 1 in Berlin. However, he supported the coup attempts of Otto Pittinger and Ernst Pöhner against Count Lerchenfeld in Bavaria, although distancing himself from the National Socialists, was removed from Bavarian politics. He resigned in December of 1924.

Möhl was active in the Kyffhäuserbund. He died in 1944 in Starnberg.

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