Tel: 1 (905) 634-3848

Text: 1 (905) 906-3848

Purveyors of Authentic Militaria

eMedals-A Large NSDAP Group to the Economic & Administrative Leader of Latvia

Item: G34043

A Large NSDAP Group to the Economic & Administrative Leader of Latvia

Sale Date: October 31, 2017 Hammer Price

$2,502

View Bid History

Not available.

A Large NSDAP Group to the Economic & Administrative Leader of Latvia

Offered is an extensive NSDAP grouping which consists on a large collection of original documentation as well as the the large golden party badge of SS-Gruppenführer who was heavily involved in the economic exploration of the Eastern Districts. Perhaps most importantly, Matthiessen was invited and subsequently attended a secret meeting in 1941 that outlined the planned Operation Barbarossa. The groups includes the following items:

An NSDAP ; a 15-Year and 10-Year NSDAP Long Service Medal Miniature, with miniature boutonniere; an NSDAP Political Leader ID card with Rudolf Hess signature (136x100mm, very fine); a Golden Party Badge certificate of ownership (96x128mm, very fine); two NSDAP membership booklets (103x134mm, near extremely fine); four SS promotion documents (209x297mm, 212x149mm, better than very fine to near extremely fine); six documents enabling Matthiessen to flee from Russian encircled Courland in April 1945 (211x148mm and 150x108mm, very fine to better than very fine); two documents concerning the takeover of the occupied Eastern territories’ military and civil administration by the SS (210x240mm and 210x298mm, better than very fine); an appointment order to Armament Inspectorate Ostland (210x297mm, better than fine); an invite to an “especially important matter” in the implementation of the Four Year Plan shortly before attack on Russia (209x296mm, very fine); six documents concerning appointment to Kriegsverwaltungs-Abteilungschef/Kriegsverwaltungsvicechef by the Supreme Command of the Heer (209x297mm, 210x213mm, 210x149mm, near very fine to very fine); a signed paper with picture of Matthiessen on the day of his appointment to Landesbauernführer (145x150mm, near very fine); a German Reich Farmers Council ID card (70x98mm, very fine); a Society for Promotion of Inland Colonisation membership card (149x99mm, near extremely fine); a Society for Farmer Genealogy and Heraldry membership card (141x108mm, near extremely fine); two special Reichstag member transportation tickets (74x105mm, very fine); four documents concerning the state funeral of Reich President and Generalfeldmarschall Hindenburg (210x143mm, 211x299mm, 145x210mm, better than very fine); four certificates/ID cards for work and travel in the “Ostland” (209x148mm, 109x149mm, 140x90mm, near very fine to better than very fine); a border crossing certificate “Ost” for traveling to Estonia (103x148mm, very fine); four documents concerning salary conflicts (210x150mm and 210x296mm, near very fine); an NSDAP insurance card (99x130mm, extremely fine); a Leader House Dithmarschen membership card (124x82mm, very fine); an invitation by Reich Farmers Leader Darré (161x102mm); seven documents concerning the 1st and 2nd Reich Farmers Day meeting 1934 (212x146mm, 175x227mm, 174x114mm, 146x105mm, very fine to better than very fine); an invitation and menu for reception of Reich Farmers Leader Darré (173x113mm, 119x191mm, better than very fine); an invitation to event about the NSDAP economic policy (174x110mm, extremely fine); a Nordmark meeting honour card (175x115mm); a letter by a man from France concerning the World Exhibition in Paris (209x269mm, better than very fine); a resigning document from the protestant church (211x150mm, better than very fine).

An NSDAP Golden Party Badge “Goldenes Parteiabzeichen”; large version; in gilt tombac and black, white, and pebbled red enamels. The obverse with a black mobile swastika (Hakenkreuz) in the centre within a bed of white enamels, with a red enameled edge inscribed “Nationalsozialistische DAP”; the reverse plain, with a vertical badge-type pinback; maker marked “Deschler & Sohn, München” and marked “Ges. Gesch.” on the reverse; numbered “92345” on the reverse; measuring 30.52 mm; weighing 12.3 grams.

A grouping of a 15-Year NSDAP Long Service Medal Miniature and a 10-Year NSDAP Long Service Medal Miniature, with its miniature boutonniere; the 15-Year Long Service medal in silvered bronze and blue enamels; on a loop for suspension, with its period original ribbon; measuring 16.38 mm x 16.50 mm; the 10-Year Long Service medal in bronzed zink; measuring 16.17 mm x 16.19 mm; the boutonniere with two ribbons, attached to a black bakelite button.
The NSDAP Political Leader ID card for Kreisleiter (district leader) of Süderdithmarschen (Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany) Matthiessen is dated to August 29, 1937 and signed in blue ink by Reich Minister and Deputy of the Führer, Rudolf Hess.

The Golden Party Badge certificate of ownership is dated to February 26, 1934 and signed in blue ink by Reich Treasurer Franz Xaver Schwarz (1875–1947).
The earlier NSDAP membership booklet is dated to May 17, 1930. It is a rare 1927 issue that identifies Matthiessen as a “Landmann” (farmer). The photo shows him in civilian clothing. The later booklet is dated to May 27, 1937 and is a 1935 issue. Matthiessen is a Landmann M.d.R. (Mitglied des Reichstages = Member of Parliament). The photo shows him wearing an NSDAP political leader uniform. Page 12 includes a certificate stating that Matthiessen has been awarded the NSDAP Long Service Award in Bronze and Silver on April 20, 1940.

The four SS promotion documents include: a letter informing Matthiessen that he has been promoted to SS-Standartenführer, effective April 20, 1939, dated to April 17. A transcript of the official promotion certificate, dated to April 20, 1939. A letter informing Matthiessen that he has been promoted to SS-Oberführer, effective April 20, 1941, dated to April 18. The accompanying letter to the SS ID card and promotion certificate, dated to May 28. The grouping of six documents is dated to Libau (present-day Liepāja, Latvia) on April 3 and April 5, 1945, respectively. It consists of the following: a marching order (Marschbefehl) for Transregional Administration President (Landesverwaltungspräsident) Martin Matthiessen, stating that he has been ordered to travel to Berlin via his hometown in northern Germany and then back to Libau, again via his hometown, as part of a vital political mission. Every military and civil duty stations are ordered to help him in any way. The detour through his hometown presumably means that there is in fact no mission and that Matthiessen is just fleeing back home so as to not be captured by Russian forces. An exit permit (Ausreisegenehmigung).

A certificate allowing Matthiessen to take with him up to 2000 Reichsmark. A passing through certificate (Durchlasschein). A doctor’s certificate stating that Matthiessen is free of lice and other bugs and doesn’t suffer from contagious diseases. A ship ticket, dated to April 5, for a passage on the Vineta. It contains a handwritten note from the captain, stating that Matthiessen left the ship in Stettin on April 9. The two documents concerning the takeover of the occupied Eastern territories’ military and civil administration by the SS are a transcript of a classified telegram dated to February 22, 1945, and a letter to Matthiessen (as Landesverwaltungspräsident in Courland) from SS-Gruppenführer Hermann Behrends (1907–1948), who signed it in blue ink. The appointment order to Armament Inspectorate Ostland includes several men, among them Matthiessen. It is dated to February 10, 1942. The invite to an “especially important matter” was sent by the commissioner for the Four Year Plan, department of food. The letter is marked confidential and states that appearing personal is of the utmost importance. It is dated to May 20, 1941. The event takes place from June 4 to 7. The letter is signed by Herbert Backe (1896–1947), who was responsible for implementing the so called Hunger Plan after the attack on Russia. This was most certainly the main topic during the meeting. The six documents concerning Matthiessen’s appointment to Kriegsverwaltungs-Abteilungschef/Kriegsverwaltungsvicechef by the Supreme Command of the Heer include the following: a marching order for appointment to War Administration Department Chief (Kriegsverwaltungs-Abteilungschef) for Armament Inspectorate 10, Hamburg, dated to May 31, 1941. A transcript stating that Matthiessen should actually have been made War Administration Vice Chief (Kriegsverwaltungsvicechef), and thus will need a new uniform. It is dated to June 17, 1941. A transcript of said transcript. An order to the Douaumont military barracks in Hamburg-Wandsbek to give Matthiessen his new uniform, dated to June 20, 1941. With transcript. The official appointment to Kriegsverwaltungsvicechef, effective June 7, 1941, dated to August 2, 1941. The signed picture of Matthiessen is dated to August 13, 1938, according to a small cut-out newspaper article accompanying the picture the day that he was appointed to Transregional Farmers Leader (Landesbauernführer).

The Reich Farmers Council ID card is dated to November 15, 1935 and signed in blue ink by Reich Farmers Leader, Walther Darré (1895–1953). The membership card for the Society for Promotion of Inland Colonisation (Gesellschaft zur Förderung der inneren Kolonisation) is dated to September 7, 1932. This organisation promoted the use of undeveloped German land. The Society for Farmer Genealogy and Heraldry (Verein für bäuerliche Sippenkunde und bäuerliches Wappenwesen) membership card for Transregional Chairman (Landesobmann) Matthiessen who joined on August 12, 1938. The card is dated to November 21, 1938. The Reichstag member transportation tickets are valid for the 4th voting period, 1938. They are both dated to April 12, 1938. One grants free transportation with the Reich Railway, the other one with the Postal Services motor transport service. The four documents concerning the state funeral of Reich President and Generalfeldmarschall Hindenburg include: a Reichstag announcement of mourning (Trauerkundgebung) for August 6, 1934, dated to August 2. An invitation to the memorial service at the Tannenberg national monument on August 7, 1934. A program for said event. An ID card for said event that also counts as a train ticket. The four certificates/ID cards for work and travel in the “Ostland” include: a certificate serving as travel permission until October 31, 1941, dated to October 6. An almost identical certificate dated to July 27, 1942, valid until September 30. A Russian/German ID stating that Matthiessen may enter any factory in the occupied Eastern Territories and confiscate assets and documents, dated to October 9, 1941, valid until December 31. An ID card stating that Matthiessen is eligible to reside at the garrison of Riga from January 1 to June 30, 1943. The border crossing certificate states that Military Administration Vice Chief Matthiessen may cross the border to travel into Estonia. The document is valid from its date of issue, May 30, 1944 for an indefinite time. The four documents concerning salary conflicts are dated to February 2, February 18, March 21, and May 6, 1943. A problem arose when Matthiessen was still being paid by the army administration after being transferred to the civil administration of the occupied Eastern territories and appointed War Administrative Vice Chief (Kriegsverwaltungsvicechef). He had to repay over 4000 Reichsmark, which he did. The NSDAP insurance card contains stamps on the reverse for every fee that Matthiessen paid. The card is dated to May 8, 1931. The Leader House (Führerhaus) Dithmarschen membership card is most likely for a district NSDAP leaders club. It is numbered “1”, presumably because Matthiessen was the district leader of Dithmarschen. The invitation by Reich Farmers Leader Darré was sent to Transregional Farmers Leader (Landesbauernführer) Matthiessen, asking for the pleasure of his company and sharing a glass of beer on December 15, 1938. A handwritten note reads “Herbert Backe Staatssekretär” (State Secretary), ultimately Darré’s replacement. However, it does not seem to be his signature. The seven documents concerning the 1st and 2nd Reich Farmers Day meeting 1934 include: an invitation by Reich Farmers Leader Darré to attend the inauguration of the Reich Famers Council on April 14/15, 1934, dated to April 4. A program for the 2nd Reich Farmers Day in Goslar from November 11 to 18, 1934. A hotel room “quarter’s card” and four invitation cards to evening events during the Reich Farmers Day, dated to November 11, 14, 16, and 17. The invitation and menu are for the reception of Reich Farmers Leader Darré in Mainz on May 18, 1936. The event about the NSDAP economic policy was held on April 24, 1939 in Kiel. The Nordmark meeting honour card serves as admission card to any events during the function. The meeting took place on May 25/26, 1935 in Kiel. The letter by a man from France concerning the World Exhibition in Paris is dated to September 22, 1937. The man, Fernand Klee, regrettably informs Matthiessen that he can’t meet him due to military duties in Strasbourg. The letter is written in French. It comes with a business card. The resigning document from the protestant church is dated to March 28, 1939.


Footnote: Martin Matthiessen was born on February 26, 1901 in Wesselburenerkoog (northern Germany). After finishing school he became a farmer. He was a member of at least one Free Corps (Freikorps). On July 1, 1928 Matthiessen joined the NSDAP. Around the same time he also became a member of the SA. Matthiessen quickly became a successful local politician, serving as Ortsgruppenleiter (Local Group Leader) in the Ortsgruppe Wesselburen, his hometown, between November 1928 and August 1929. During this time he is known to have served in the SA Sturm 16 and then SA Sturm 14, Standarte 5 Nordmark. In July of 1929 Matthiessen became NSDAP Kreisleiter (District Leader) of Kreis Süderdithmarschen. In October 1931 he first became a member of the Reichstag, which he remained until the end of the war. In 1933 he was appointed State Commissioner for the Chamber of Agriculture of Schleswig-Holstein, as well as Transregional Chairman for the Farmers Community of Schleswig-Holstein. At an unknown time during the mid or late 1930s he served as an honorary SS leader in the SS Race and Settlement Main Office. He was promoted to SS-Standartenführer on April 20, 1939, and two years later to SS-Oberführer. Matthiessen played a vital part in the economic exploitation of the occupied Eastern Territories. Judging from the documents, particularly the “important matter” he attended in May of 1941, he was informed of the planned attack on Russia weeks before it was carried out. Presumably, he also knew about the plans for the Russian civilians. In June of 1941 Matthiessen was appointed War Administrative Vice Chief with the Economic Inspectorate “North”, as well as Department Leader Economics with the Reich Commissioner for the Eastern Territories, stationed in Riga (Latvia). As such he was instrumental in the plundering of the region, including agricultural products, machinery, assets etc. In 1942 he became the leader of the Courland civil administration. This position allowed him to obtain permits to leave the Courland pocket in early April 1945. Although the papers state that he was on his way to Berlin, it is clear that all he did was fleeing back home, mainly to avoid captivity by the Russians. After the war Matthiessen was detained by the British until 1948. He died on May 14, 1990.

Back To Top