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eMedals-Croatia, Independent State. An Order of Merit, III Class, Ladies Moslem Version, c.1942

Item: EG184

Croatia, Independent State. An Order of Merit, III Class, Ladies Moslem Version, c.1942

Sale Date: June 12, 2019 Hammer Price

$1,601

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Croatia, Independent State. An Order of Merit, III Class, Ladies Moslem Version, c.1942

Instituted 1942. In silver and the stylized lily form, consisting of the traditional Croatian wattle pattern, (Known as the Pleter or Troplet pattern), with six red enameled arms, obverse centre presenting a silver letter "U" with a flaming grenade with the Croatian šahovnica, reverse with "Za Zasluge"(For Merit) with institution date of 10.4.1942, measuring 25 mm (w) x 35 mm (h - inclusive of enameled integral ring), with Ladies bow ribbon, broach, and elongated central loop also featuring the wattle pattern, with light enamel contact and wear, extremely fine.

Footnote: The Croatian Order of Merit, instituted in 1942, have some unique features amongst WWII period awards, most notably, there are two versions: for Christian and Moslem recipients; as well, awards issued to men and women differ in some classes (in appearance/size and method of wear). As Bosnia and Herzegovina was incorporated into Independent State of Croatia in 1941, with a sizable Moslem population, Moslem traditions, military contingent and influence, it must have become apparent to a Croatian leadership that awarding insignia featuring a cross to Moslems is not an option. Therefore, a decision must have been made by a Croatian leadership to design and produce a distinctively Moslem version of the Order of Merit. No Statutes (or amendments of the Statutes) outline this decision, however, the Circulars of "the Miniatures of the Croatian National Awards" from October 10, 1943, do describe and illustrate two distinct version of the Order of Merit, for Christians "in form of the cross of Prince Višeslav", and for the Moslems "in the form of the Bosnian lily". The only known manufacturer of this award (both versions) was Zagreb's foundry Braća Knaus. While Christian version is not common, the Moslem version of the Merit Order is extremely rare in all classes.

 

This offering is a part of the "Dr. Albert Goodwin Collection", a preeminent assemblage of world Orders, Medals, and Decorations composed solely by Dr.Goodwin between 1946-1967. Dr. Goodwin had a successful career as an educator and prominent physician in New York as well as actively serving in both World Wars with the United States Medical Corps. He acted as both President and Vice-President of the Orders and Medals Society of America (OMSA) and is responsible for organizing their first convention in 1960. He maintained further membership with the American Society of Military Collectors, the International Orders Research Society, and the American Numismatic Society. His knowledge and passion for history and awards is evident in this meticulously compiled collection that is now available in its entirety for the first time exclusively on eMedals.com.

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