Canada General Service Medal - HMS Aurora
FENIAN RAID 1866 (A.B. & T.M. H. J. BOOTH, H.M.S. AURORA). Naming is officially impressed. Light contact, very fine. Accompanied by copies of his service records from the National Archives.Footnote: 479 Henry James Booth was born on April 9, 1842 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. He enlisted with the Royal Navy on April 9, 1860 on his eighteenth birthday, signing on for ten years' service. He was posted to H.M.S. Impregnable, where he attained the rank of Boy Seaman 1st Class from May 10, 1859 to June 19, 1860, his conduct noted as "Very good". He was transferred to H.M.S. St. George as a Boy Seaman 1st Class, later obtaining the ranks of Ordinary Seaman and Able Seaman, serving from June 20, 1860 to February 9, 1864, his conduct noted as "Very good, Fair". He was again transferred, this time to the frigate H.M.S. Aurora as an Able Seaman, from February 10, 1864 to February 9, 1867. Booth was discharged on June 9, 1865 and under the Naval Discipline Act of 1864 and was sent to prison in Barbados. He later rejoined H.M.S. Aurora, which saw service in Canada in the St. Lawrence River below Montreal, Quebec during the Fenian Raid of 1866 and earned his Canada General Service Medal, listed on page 12 of the "Canada General Service Medal Roll, 1866-70" by John Thyen. On his medal, his rank is "A.B. & T.M." (Able Seaman and Trained Man). During this period, ships had Seaman Gunners but only so many on each ship. Others who qualified in gunnery did so on board their own ships instructed by the Gunner and by the Seaman Gunners, then given the qualification of Trained Man and received 1p a day extra pay. They had to have knowledge of all guns duties, be able to use sighting equipment, be able to fit all gun gear, know the manual of platoon exercises for rifle and have a good knowledge of sword exercises. He was discharged again, this time on February 9, 1867 to prison in Quebec, then returned to England, attached to H.M.S. Canopus as an Able Seaman from December 21, 1867 to May 19, 1868. He was discharged from the Service, this time at Devonport Boro' Gaol (Devonport Borough Jail) in the district of Plymouth, his conduct noted as "Objectionable".