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eMedals-An Award Group to Angel T. Balevski; Recipient of the Lomonosov Medal

Item: EU10683

An Award Group to Angel T. Balevski; Recipient of the Lomonosov Medal

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An Award Group to Angel T. Balevski; Recipient of the Lomonosov Medal

An outstanding grouping of scientific and National awards bestowed upon most prominent 20th Century Bulgarian scientist Angel Balevski, a close associate of Todor Hristov Zhivkov, whose awards include German Diesel Gold Medal but most importantly, the Soviet Lomonosov Gold Medal, which to best of our knowledge had never been offered for sale on the open market. The Lomonosov Gold Medal, named after Russian scientist and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov, is awarded each year since 1959 for outstanding achievements in the natural sciences and the humanities by the USSR Academy of Sciences and later the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Two medals are awarded annually: one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist. It is the Academy's highest accolade. Balevski was the recipient of the highest international awards for contributions to science and invention. This group is composed of 103 awards from 16 different countries/international sources, including: (1) 39 Bulgarian (Socialist) Awards: Order of Georgi Dimitrov (silver gilt with red and white enamels, 41.8 mm x 45 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Order of the Red Banner of Labour 1959 (two-piece construction, silver gilt with light blue, red and white enamels, 36 mm x 43.3 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); two Dimitrov Prize Laureates, 2nd Degree 1950 & 1951 (two-piece construction, silver gilt, reverse dated "1950" on one and "1951" on the other, 26 mm each, suspended from ribboned hangers with screwbacks); Order of St. Cyril and Methodius, 1st Class (bronze gilt with red enamels, 36.3 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Medal of Merit to the Bulgarian People's Army (brass with red and white enamels, 33 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Medal for Distinction in the Bulgarian People's Army (Ministry of National Defence)(brass, 34.2 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Jubilee Medal for 25 Years of the Agencies of the Internal Ministry (two-piece construction, brass with red, white and green enamels, 34 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Jubilee Medal for 30 Years of the Bulgarian Army (brass, 34.2 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Jubilee Medal for 40 Years of Socialist Bulgaria Medal (brass, 34.5 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Georgi Dimitrov 1882-1982 (brass, 34 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); 1300th Anniversary of the Founding of Bulgaria Medal (brass, 34 mm, original ribbon, mounted to afive-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski Medal of Honour 1980 (bronze gilt, 69.8 mm, medal was separated from its original neck ribbon, cased); Commemorative Medal for the 100th Anniversary of the City of Sofia as Capital of Bulgaria 1879-1979 (three-piece construction, bronze gilt with red, light blue, green and yellow enamels, 52 mm x 53 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback); Bulgarian Historian, Philologist and Author of the Tamovo Constitution Marin Drinov Medal of Honour (bronze, 60 mm, cased); Bulgarian Historian, Philologist and Author of the Tamovo Constitution Marin Drinov 100th Anniversary of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Medal 1869-1969 (silvered bronze, 60.5 mm, cased); Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski Medal of Honour 1988 (bronze gilt, 60.2 mm, cased); 30 Year Award of the Academic Board of the Higher Institute of Food and Beverage Industry in Plovdiv Medal (bronze gilt, 132.5 mm, cased, naming on the inside lid); 30 Years of the Department of Metal and Metal Technology at Lenin Technical at the University of Sofia 1945-1975 (bronze, 80 m, cased); Senior Mechanical and Electrical Institute in Sofia Medal (bronze gilt, 60 mm); Union of Bulgarian Mathematicians 90th Anniversary Medal 1898-1988 (bronze gilt, 33.8 mm x 52.7 mm, cased); St. Cyril and St. Methodius Bulgarian Men's High School of Thessaloniki 100th Anniversary Medal 1880-1980 (silvered zinc, 59 mm, cased); Bulgaria-USSR Joint Space Flight/1300th Anniversary of Bulgaria Medal 1979 (bronze, 52 mm, cased); Bulgaria-USSR Joint Space Flight/First Bulgarian in Space Medal 1979 (bronze gilt, 70 mm, cased); Bulgaria-USSR Joint Space Flight/Stara Zagora Coat-of-Arms Medal 1979 (bronze 59.8 mm, cased); National Natural History Museum at Sofia 100th Anniversary Medal (bronze, 61 mm, cased); Higher Institute of National Economy in Varna Commemorative Medal (bronze, 60.8 mm, cased); two 1st Bulgarian Congress at Sofia/1300th Anniversary of Bulgaria Medals 1981 (bronze, 65 mm each, cased); two Higher Technical School Electro-Mechanical Technical University in Sofia Award Medal (bronze gilt, 43 mm x 43.2 mm each, cased); VHTI Burgas Medal (silvered zinc alloy, 47.3 mm x 51.3 mm, cased); Town of Smolyan Merit Medal (bronze gilt, 28.5 mm x 34.5 mm, suspended from a bronze gilt and red enamelled pinback hanger, cased); Smolyan Regional Historical Museum 50th Anniversary Medal 1935-1985 (bronze, 60mm, cased); Anti-Fascist Shooting of Six Children at Yastrebino in 1943 Commemorative Medal 1979 (silvered zinc alloy, 60 mm, cased); XXII Summer Olympic Games Moscow Flame Relay Through Bulgaria Medal 1980 (bronze, 69.8 mm); two Bulgaria Czechoslovak Society in Varna Medals (bronze, 68.7 mm); KZU 25 Years of Welding in Construction and Installation Medal 1966-1981 (bronze gilt, 59.8 mm); and Leonardo da Vinci Commemorative Medal (bronze, 61 mm); (2) 1 Cuban Award: Academy of Sciences 10th Anniversary Medal 1962-1972 (bronze gilt, 40.2 mm, on full-length original neck ribbon, boxed); (3) 14 Czech (Socialist) Awards: Gold Medal of the Czechoslovak Society of International Relations (silver gilt, 39 m x 39.7 mm, accompanied by its 7.5 mm x 35.5 mm Ribbon Bar with silver gilt CSMS clasp and pinback); 30th Anniversary of Liberation from Germany Medal 1945-1975 (bronze gilt, 30.3 mm, original ribbon with pinback hanger, accompanied by its 12.5 mm x 30 mm Ribbon Bar, with award document, cased); 40th Anniversary of Liberation from Germany Medal 1945-1985 (bronze gilt, 31 mm, original ribbon with pinback hanger, accompanied by its 12 mm x 33 mm Ribbon Bar, cased); Gold Medal of the Technical University in Brno (brass, engraved "akademik Angel BALEVSKI / Brno 23 zari 1981" and number engraved "174" on the reverse, 70.8 mm x 81.3 mm, cased); Prague George Dimitrov State Prize Laureate 1st Class Medal (bronze gilt, 50 mm, cased); Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Gold Medal for Merits in Science and Humanity (cast bronze gilt, engraved "A.T. BALEVSKY" and number engraved "109" on the reverse, 81.5 mm, cased); Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences Stickpin (silvered silver, marked "925" (silver) and maker marked on the reverse, 18.7 mm, on a 43.5 mm pin); Charles University in Prague Medal (silvered silver, hallmarked and marked "987" (silver) on the edge, 70 mm, cased); Charles University in Prague Stickpin (silvered silver, maker marked "VK" on the reverse, 18 mm, on a 43 mm pin, boxed); Gold Medal of Purkiniana (Purkinskiya) University in Brno 1981 (bronze gilt, 80.5 mm, cased); Gold Medal of the Technical University at Brno 1981 (bronze, 50.3 mm, cased); Town of Uherske Hradiste National Committee 30th Meeting Medal (gilt alloy, 61.3 mm, cased); UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) Congress at Great Moravia Medal 1985 (bronze, 69.7 mm); Great Moravia Commemorative Medal (bronze, 69.5 mm, cased); Czechoslovak Society Award for International Relations 70th Anniversary Medal 1918-1988 (bronze, 59.5 mm, cased); and Czechoslovak Club in Bulgaria Merit Medal (bronze gilt, 60 mm, cased); (4) 6 French Awards: Order of Academic Palms (Ordre des Palmes Académiques), Commander (silver gilt with purple enamels, 51.7 mm x 90.8 mm inclusive of its wreath suspension, on full-length original neck ribbon, boxed); Gold Medal of the French Society for the Development of Research and Inventive Activity 1970 (bronze gilt, engraved "BALEVSKI Angel / PARIS 1970" on the reverse, 69.8 mm); Co-Discoverers of Artificial Radio-Activity Irene and Frederic Joliot-Curie 50th Anniversary Medal (bronze, 74 mm, cased); 150th Anniversary of the Death of Napoleon Medal 1821-1971 (bronze, cornucopia hallmarked, marked "BRONZE" and dated "1982" on the edge, 83 mm); 48th International Foundry Congress at Varna, Bulgaria Medal 1981 (coinciding with the 18300th anniversary of Bulgaria, silvered metal, 60 mm); and Medal of Honour for the Town of Soultmatt-Winterfelden (silvered alloy, 50 mm, missing its ring suspension, cased); (5) 4 Federal Republic of Germany Awards: Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Grand Cross Set (Sash Badge: three-piece construction, silver gilt with red and black enamels, 61 mm x 65.7 mm, on a full-length sash; Breast Star: three-piece construction, silver gilt with red and black enamels, marked "800" (silver) on the reverse, 83.5 mm x 85.3 mm, chipping and loss evident in the red enamels on two arms; Miniature: three-piece construction, silver gilt with red and black enamels, 16.3 mm x 19 mm, miniature breast star clasp on an original ribbon; with instructions for wearing card, cased, gilt Federal Republic eagle arms on the lid and inside lid, case missing one clasp closure); Diesel Gold Medal of the German Inventors' Association 1990 (14K Gold, marked "585" (Gold) on the edge, engraved "Prof. Dr. Angel Balevsky" on the reverse, 60 mm, cased); Gold Medal of the University of Hamburg, Germany 1980 (bronze gilt, Hamburg hallmarked and marked "BRONZE" on the edge, 70 mm, on full-length neck ribbon with snap closure, cased); and Commemorative Medal for the Visit to Saarland University (frosted silver, 40 mm, cased); (6) 9 German Democratic Republic Awards: Star of People's Friendship, Gold Grade (bronze gilt, 53.5 mm x 55.7 mm, horizontal pinback, cased); 20th Anniversary of the German Democratic Republic Commemorative Medal (bronze gilt with red, yellow and black enamels, 34.5 mm, suspended from a maroon felt wrapped pinback hanger with "XX" clasp, cased); Academy of Sciences Medal from the President (bronze, hallmarked and dated "1986" on the edge, 87 mm, cased); Academy of Sciences Einstein Committee Medal 1979 (red porcelain, 97 mm, cased); Academy of Sciences Twenty Years of Scientific Co-Operation Medal 1957-1977 (bronze, 78.3 mm, cased); German Academy of Sciences Medal (white porcelain, 129.5 mm, cased); German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina at Halle Medal 1977 (white porcelain, 95 mm, boxed); 11th Party Convention Robotron Computer Medal 1986 (white porcelain, 80.5 mm, boxed); and German Hygiene Museum Medal (red Porcelain, 79 mm, cased); (7) 3 Greek Awards: Order of the Phoenix, Knight Commander Set (Neck Badge: three-piece construction, silver with white enamels, 57.5 mm, on original full-length neck ribbon; Breast Star: two-piece construction, silver, maker marked "EME" on the pin, 74.8 mm x 75.2 mm, vertical pinback flanked by dual prongs; Rosette: silvered star on a 10.2 mm embroidered rosette on a 6.5 mm x 19.5 mm ribbon, buttonhole attachment, cased); Academy of Athens Medal (silver gilt with green enamels, engraved "ANGEL BALEVSKI 1977" on the reverse, 51.2 mm x 56 mm, on a full-length neck chain also in silver and green enamels, cased); an Greek Scientific Achievement Award (bronze gilt, 68 mm, cased); (8) 4 Hungarian (Socialist) Awards: Order of Merit for Peace and Friendship (three-piece construction, silver gilt with red, white and green enamels, 40.5 mm x 44.5 mm, three rose-coloured stones on the suspension, original ribbon with pinback hanger, accompanied by its 13.5 mm x 35.5 mm Ribbon Bar with miniature affixed, cased); Hungarian Scientific Academy 150th Anniversary Medal 1825-1975 (bronze, 70.2 mm, cased); Eotros Lorand University (EHTE), Budapest Medal for Science (bronze, 59.7 mm); and Budapest Economic & Technical Supply Service Organization Medal (bronze, 81.8 mm, cased); (9) 2 Italian Awards: University of Rome Medal (silver, Johnson hallmarked and marked "800" (silver) on the reverse, 55.8 mm, cased); and 3rd UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) European Conference at Taormina, Sicily Medal 1960 (silver, 44.2 mm x 45.7 mm); (10) 3 Polish (Socialist) Awards: 30th Anniversary of the Manifesto of the Polish Committee of National Liberation Medal 1944-1974 (bronze, 69.5 mm); Polish Academy of Sciences 500th Anniversary of the Birth of Nicholas Copernicus Medal 1473-1973 (bronze, engraved "Angel T. Balevski" on the reverse, 69.5 mm); and 500th Anniversary of the Birth of Nicholas Copernicus Medal 1473-1973 (bronze, 69.5 mm, with Nationwide Committee of the National Unity Front card, in cloth covered flip folder); (11) 1 Romanian (Socialist) Award: Academy of the Socialist Republic of Romania 100th Anniversary Medal 1866-1966 (bronze gilt, 60.3 mm, cased); (12) 12 Russian (Soviet) Awards: Lomonosov Gold Medal 1974 (bronze gilt, engraved "Angel Balevski" in Russian and dated "1974" on the edge, engraver marked "C. KOHEHKOB" on the obverse, 50 mm, cased); Order of Friendship of Peoples 1980 (four-piece construction, silver gilt an enamels, Monetny Dvor mint marked and number engraved "4319" on the reverse, 47 mm x 48.5 mm, original ribbon, mounted to a five-sided aluminum suspension with pinback, cased); Jubilee Medal for the 40th Year Anniversary Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1945-185 (dated May 29, 1985); Russian Academy of Sciences Medal (bronze gilt, 32 mm, suspended from an enamelled pinback hanger, cased); Russian Academy of Sciences Service Medal (bronze, 55.2 mm); Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg 250th Anniversary Medal 1724-1974 (bronze, 59.8 mm); 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Russian Chemist and Discovered of the Periodic Law & Creator of the Periodic Table of Elements Dmitri Mendeleyer Commemorative Medal 1869-1969 (bronze, engraver marked on the obverse, 66.5 mm, cased); 100th Anniversary of the Death of Russian Biologist Konstantin Ivanovich Skryabin Medal 1878-1978 (bronze, 65.5 mm); Intercosmos International Space Missions Medal (bronze with light blue, navy blue, red, yellow, green and white enamels, 65 mm, cased); Soviet Space Centre at Upravleniya Medal (copper-washed alloy, 59.8 mm); World Marxist Review 15th Anniversary Medal 1958-1973 (bronze, bronzed zinc, 49.8 mm, with booklet, boxed); and Ukrainian Academy of Sciences 50th Anniversary Medal 1919-1969 (bronze, 61.3 mm, boxed); (13) 1 Slovakian Award: Slovak Academy of Sciences Medal 1980 (bronze, 70 mm, cased); (14) 1 United Nations Award: UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) Centennial of the Birth of Albert Einstein Medal 1879-1979 (bronze, French cornucopia hallmarked, marked "BR FLOR" and dated "1979" on the edge, engraver marked "M. LEOGNANY" (Max Leognany of France) on the obverse, 58.8 mm); (15) 1 Vatican Award: Pontifical Academy of Sciences Medal (bronze, engraver marked "VEROI" on the reverse, 60 mm); (16) 2 International Awards: two Russell Einstein Manifesto Commemorative Medals 1954 (bronze gilt, 60 mm each, cased). Also included are (1) 28 Bulgarian (Socialist) Documents: People's Republic of Bulgaria Party Membership Identification Booklet (dated May 21, 1957); Ministerial Council of the People's Republic of Bulgaria "Dimitrov Prize" 1951 (dated May 23, 1951, in presentation tube); Ministerial Council of the People's Republic of Bulgaria "Dimitrov Prize" 1969 (dated August 16, 1969, in presentation tube); Dimitrov Prize Certificate (dated April 15, 1980); Medal of Merit to the Bulgarian People's Army (dated 1983); Jubilee Medal for 25 Years of the Agencies of the Internal Ministry; Jubilee Medal for 30 Years of the Bulgarian Army (dated May 25, 1974); Jubilee Medal for 40 Years of Victory Over the Nazis (dated May 4, 1985); Jubilee Medal for 40 Years of Socialist Bulgaria Medal (dated August 27, 1984); 90th Anniversary of the Birth of Georgi Dimitrov 1882-1972 (dated June 17, 1972); 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Georgi Dimitrov 1882-1982 (dated June 14, 1982); 1300th Anniversary of the Founding of Bulgaria Medal (dated January 30, 1982); Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski Medal of Honour 1980 (dated February 19, 1980); Commemorative Medal for the 100th Anniversary of the City of Sofia as Capital of Bulgaria 1879-1979 (dated 1979); Lenin Higher Mechanical and Electrical Institute in Sofia/25th Anniversary of the Founding of the University (dated May 29, 1970); Medal Issued to Balevski as Chairman of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (dated April 15, 1985); Gold Badge of Master Kolyn Ficheto (Nicola Ficher) (dated April 14, 1980); Central Council of the Bulgarian Trade Union Medal (dated April 15, 1985); Contribution to Technical Progress Badge (dated June 27, 1984); Ministry of Machinery and Electronics Best Performer Badge (dated June 26, 1984); Engineering Committee Valedictorian Card (dated December 20, 1963); Department of Energy Valedictorian Card (dated 1980); Department of Energy Valedictorian Card (dated 1985); State Committee for Science and Technical Progress (dated June 27, 1984) and Senior Mechanical and Electrical Institute of Vladimir Jojic at Sofia Leadership Institute (dated June 27, 1984, both within a hardcover box marked State Council of the People's Republic of Bulgaria on the lid); Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski Medal of Honour 1988 (dated October 1, 1988, in a leather-bound presentation folder with gilt and black enamelled aluminum insignia on the cover); Department of Mechanical Engineering 50 Years in Engineering (dated June 26, 1984, in a hardcovered presentation folder); People's Council Commemorative Medal for the 100th Anniversary of the City of Sofia as Capital of Bulgaria 1879-1979 (dated April, 15, 1975, in a hardcovered presentation folder); and Town of Smolyan Honourary Citizen (in a hardcovered presentation folder); (2) 1 Cuban Document: Academy of Sciences 10th Anniversary Medal 1962-1972 (dated February 20, 1972, in presentation folder); (3) 7 Czech (Socialist) Documents: Gold Medal of the Czechoslovak Society of International Relations (with instruction booklet); 30th Anniversary of Liberation from Germany Medal 1945-1975; Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (dated June 25, 1979, in a hardcovered presentation folder); Gold Medal of the Technical University at Brno 1981 (dated September 23, 1981); Presidium of the Czechoslovak Academy of Science Gold Plaque of Merit for Science and the People (dated December 20, 1978); Honourary Archivist for the South Moravian Region (dated September 23, 1981, with 70 mm x 74 mm large wax seat affixed to the document by a brown and white embroidered cord); and Czechoslovak Club in Bulgaria Merit Medal (dated November 8, 1982); (4) 2 French Award Documents: Order of Academic Palms (Ordre des Palmes Académiques), Commander (dated August 10, 1978); and Gold Medal of the French Society for the Development of Research and Inventive Activity 1970 (numbered "126-8" and dated May 8, 1970); (5) 5 German Democratic Republic Documents: Star of People's Friendship, Gold Grade (dated February 28, 1978, in a leather-bound hardcovered presentation folder); Academy of Sciences University of Health Sciences for the GDR Membership (dated February 21, 1974, in a hardcover presentation folder); Academy of Sciences "Leibniz" Day Program (dated July 4, 1974, in envelope); Academy of Sciences Letter from the President Welcoming Balevski and his wife to Berlin (in envelope); and Scientific Council of the Technical University of Ilmenau, Faculty of Technical Sciences Honourary Doctorate in Engineering (dated February 14, 1974, in a leather-bound presentation folder within a pebbled hardcover box); (6) 2 Greek Documents: Order of the Phoenix, Knight Commander Set; and Academy of Athens Medal; (7) 1 Hungarian (Socialist) Document: Order of Merit for Peace and Friendship (dated April 15, 1985, in a leather-bound presentation folder); (8) 2 Mongolian Documents: Order of the Mongolian People's Republic (dated July 29, 1977); and Jubilee Medal for 50 Years of the People's Republic of Monogolia (Dated July 11, 1971); (9) 3 Polish Documents: Polish Academy of Sciences Foreign Membership (dated May 28, 1971, in a leather-bound presentation folder within a pebbled hardcover box); Polish Academy of Sciences 500th Anniversary of the Birth of Nicholas Copernicus Medal 1473-1973 (dated May 22, 1973); and 500th Anniversary of the Birth of Nicholas Copernicus Medal 1473-1973; (10) 4 Russian (Soviet) Documents: Lomonosov Gold Medal 1974 (dated January 23, 1975, in a leather-bound presentation tube, the medal named after Russian scientist and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov has been awarded each year since 1959, for outstanding achievements in the natural sciences and the humanities by the USSR Academy of Sciences and later the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Two medals are awarded annually: one to a Russian and one to a foreign scientist. It is the Academy's highest accolade and as of 2004, there had been 97 medals awarded. In 1974, the recipients were to the Bulgarian Angel Balevski (full member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences) and to the Soviet Aleksandr Ivanovich Tselikov, both awards for outstanding achievements in metallurgy and metal technology); Order of Friendship of Peoples 1980 (dated April 14, 1980); Academy of Sciences 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Academician K.L. Scriabin (dated February 15, 1983, in a hardcovered presentation folder); and Academy of Sciences Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry "Gregorian Kurnakova" (dated May 10, 1982); (11) 1 Swedish Document: Björkliden Tourist Station Crossing the Arctic Circle 1984 (dated July 9, 1984); (12) 1 Unidentified Document (in leatherette-bound folder with red felt inside covers). Extremely fine. Footnote: Angel Balevski (March 4, 1910 - September 15, 1997) was a famous Bulgarian inventor, engineer, scientist, educator, public figure, politician, and university professor. He was born on March 4, 1910 in the town of Troyan, Bulgaria to Toncho Angelov Balevski and Penka Kaltcheva Balevska. When he was four and a half, his father passed away. He graduated from high school in Sofia in 1929, which was followed by his attending the German Higher Technical School in Brno, Czechoslovakia in 1934, which started his professional career as a metallurgical engineer. He was an extraordinary professor at the State Polytechnics (1945), where he established and headed the Department of Mechanical Technology and Factory Organization, which was later transformed into the Department of Metal and Metal Technology at the Technical University. He was a professor from 1945 to 1968 and Director of the Institute of Metal and Metal Technology from 1967 to 1989. Other positions held by Balevski included: Corresponding Member (1952-1966) and Full member (Academician) of the Academy of Sciences (1967), Deputy Chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technical Progress (1960-1961), Secretary of the Department of Technical Sciences, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1960-1968), Editor of the Magazine "Technical Thought" (1964-1973), Vice-President of the Scientific Union (1964-1989) and Rector of the Technical University (1966-1968). Balevski was President of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1968-1987), the National Academy of Bulgaria, established in 1869. The Academy, located in Sofia, is autonomous and has a Society of Academicians, Correspondent Members and Foreign Members. It publishes and circulates different scientific works, encyclopedias, dictionaries and journals, and runs its own publishing house. He was also a Member of the National Assembly (1969-1989) and Member of the State Council of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (1971-1989). He was also awarded the honourary title of People’s Scientist and received an Honourary Doctorate from the Technical University of Sofia. He was later a professor at numerous universities across Europe and elected Honourary and Foreign Member of the Academies and Research Societies in many countries. Balevski was Co-President of the International Academy of Science, Munich (1988-1997) and Chairman of the Bulgarian Pugwash Group and was a Member of the Pugwash Movement of Scientists for Peace (1971). The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs is an international organization that brings together scholars and public figures to work toward reducing the danger of armed conflict and to seek solutions to global security threats. It was founded in 1957 by Joseph Rotblat and Bertrand Russell in Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, following the release of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto in 1955. The Manifesto was issued in London on July 9, 1955 by Bertrand Russell in the midst of the Cold War. It highlighted the dangers posed by nuclear weapons and called for world leaders to seek peaceful resolutions to international conflict. The signatories included eleven pre-eminent intellectuals and scientists, including Albert Einstein, who signed it just days before his death on April 18, 1955. A few days after the release, philanthropist Cyrus S. Eaton offered to sponsor a conference, which was called for in the manifesto, to be held in Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Eaton's birthplace. As an inventor, Balevski was successful in designing a hot pressing machine for non-ferrous metals and developed an original method for cast iron production from Bulgarian raw materials in a rotating drum furnace. Together with Ivan Dimov, he developed a counter-pressure casting method of light alloy with high accuracy and high mechanical indicators, which was a pioneer in world foundry technology and was protected by over one hundred patent documents in Bulgaria and abroad. Balevski created a method of casting under pressure for light metal alloys in which, under the action of a pressure difference, the molten metal from a furnace, disposed in a hermetically sealed chamber, is displaced via a feed tube for molten metal and fills the cavity of a casting mold, disposed in another hermetically sealed chamber, wherein before the filling of the cavity of the casting mold with molten metal, the latter is subjected to a temperature and a metallurgical pre-treatment in two furnaces, which are then in succession brought in position of casting and, at the same time or later, the casting mold is brought to the desired temperature parameters, the process of casting is performed, then the cast body is removed from the casting mold and the cycle is repeated. The temperature of the casting mold, before and after its filling with molten metal, is regulated by controlling the powers of the cooling and the heating systems arranged within the casting mold. During the solidification of the cast body until its removal, there is regulated the deformation state of the system cast body mold by controlling the clearance and the force of seizing between the cast body and the walls of the casting mold. It was patented as Inv. No. 187/1961 effective January 26, 1961. Author and co-author of seven monographs and academic textbooks of the collection "Science, Man, Society" (Selected reports, articles, speeches and statements 1985) and books of poems, anecdotes and aphorisms "Concerns" (1995), "Balgariada" (satire, 1996) and "Moods" (poetry, satire, 1997). He was a talented scientist and inventor, as well as a brilliant teacher, violinist and historian. He is remembered as a wise enlightener, humanist, patriot, as well as a gifted and eloquent speaker. Balevski was not only the recipient of the highest international awards for contributions to science and invention, he was an honourary foreign member of several academies and scientific societies in several countries (Hungary, the USSR, Poland, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Mongolia, Greece, Romania, Germany) and many international organizations. He received the award of the Körber AG of Hamburg, Germany in 1985 (he donated the bonus of 800,000 Deutschmarks to the state for development of metallurgy), received Honourary Doctorates from Charles University in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1980 and the Technical University of Sofia in 1996, was named an Honourary Member of the "Trojan End" in 1995 and was a Board Member of the Paguozhkoto Movement of Scientists for Peace (Russell Einstein Manifesto) in 1971. Balevski married Laura Todorova Kamedulska in 1938 and the couple had two children together: a son and a daughter. In 2003, a book describing the exploits of Balevski was published by Ivan Pejkovski "With Academician Angel Balevski - Jokingly and Seriously." was released. He died on September 15, 1997 in Sofia, Bulgaria. On Thursday, May 13, 2010, a statue to Balevski, the longtime chairman of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), was dedicated in the courtyard of the Institute of Metal in Sofia, as he was the founder and first head of the institute that bears his name. The date chosen for the unveiling was the eve of the Day of Bulgarian Education and Culture, May 24th, and the celebrations dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of the scientist. Sofia Mayor Yordanka Fandakova dedicated the monument.
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