A Romanian Medal for the War of 1913 (AKA Second Balkan War Medal 1913)
A Romanian Medal for the War of 1913 (AKA Second Balkan War Medal 1913) - Silver, missing suspension, marked "S" on the edge, marked on the ring, 33 mm, very light contact, with correct replacement ribbon, near extremely fine. Footnote: The medal was created on November 7, 1913 and awarded for participation in the Second Balkan War. During the First Balkan War of 1912 an alliance of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia threw the Ottoman Turks out of almost all their remaining European territories. However, the victors fell out over the division of the spoils, with Serbia and Greece forming an alliance against Bulgaria and the Second Balkan War broke out at the end of June. After initial setbacks, Bulgarian military successes stabilized the front in Macedonia. The situation was transformed by the opportunistic invasion of Bulgaria by Romania on July 10th, leaving the former in a hopeless position. As a result, Romania gained Southern Dobruja (The ‘Quadrilateral’) despite its overwhelming Bulgar and Turkish population, a situation only reversed in 1940 and confirmed in 1947.