A First War Erich Ludendorff Commemorative Medal
A First War Erich Ludendorff Commemorative Medal - Bronze, 59 mm, wear evident along the bottom edge, oxidation spot on the reverse, better than very fine.Footnote: Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes incorrectly referred to as von Ludendorff: April 9, 1865 – December 20, 1937) was a German general, victor of Liège and of the Battle of Tannenberg. From August 1916, his appointment as Quartermaster general (Erster Generalquartiermeister) made him joint head (with Paul von Hindenburg), and chief engineer behind the management of Germany's effort in the First World War until his resignation in October 1918. After the war, Ludendorff became a prominent nationalist leader, and a promoter of the stab-in-the-back legend, convinced that the German Army had been betrayed by Marxists and Republicans in the Versailles Treaty. He took part in the unsuccessful coups d’état of Wolfgang Kapp in 1920 and the Beer Hall Putsch of Adolf Hitler in 1923, and in 1925 he ran for president against his former colleague, Paul von Hindenburg, whom he claimed had taken credit for Ludendorff's victories against Russia. From 1924 to 1928, he represented the German Völkisch Freedom Party in the German Parliament. Consistently pursuing a purely military line of thought, Ludendorff developed, after the war, the theory of “Total War,” which he published as Der Totale Krieg (The Total War) in 1935, in which he argued that the entire physical and moral forces of the nation should be mobilized, because, according to him, peace was merely an interval between wars. Ludendorff was a recipient of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross and the Pour le Mérite.