A First War Canadian MSM Group 1100
A First War Canadian MSM Group - 1914-15 Star (21491 J. McTURK. 10/CAN:INF:); British War Medal (21491 PTE. J. MC TURK. 10-CAN.INF.); Victory Medal (21491 PTE. J. MC TURK. 10-CAN.INF.); Army Meritorious Service Medal (G-21491 Pte J. McTURK. 10/ALBERTA.R.); and Belgian Croix de Guerre (bronze, unnamed). Very crisp detail, cleaned, court-mounted with swingbar pinback, light contact, edge nicks, near extremely fine. Accompanied by a CD containing twenty-two pages with copies of his Index Cards, Attestation Paper, Service Records, Medical Records, Discharge Certificates and Department of Veterans Affairs Death Notification. Footnote: James McTurk was born on October 30, 1893 in Elkhorne, Manitoba. He enlisted with the 19th Infantry Battalion "10th Canadians" on August 9, 1914. The Battalion was raised in Calgary, Alberta and Winnipeg, Manitoba with mobilization headquarters at Camp Valcartier, Quebec under the authority of P.C.O. 2067, August 6, 1914. McTurk signed his Attestation Paper on September 23, 1914 at Camp Valcartier, naming his next-of-kin as his mother, Mrs. Robert Begg on Glasgow (later Kincardine), Scotland, stating that he had no previous military service, that he was not married and that his trade was that of Store Manager (Clerk). In its medical records, it was noted that he had slight varicose veins of the left leg upon enlistment. The Battalion sailed October 3, 1914 under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel R.L. Boyle with a strength of 41 officers and 1,065 other ranks, including Private McTurk. He was later promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal and disembarked in France on February 15, 1915, joining his unit in the field on the 22nd. McTurk reported to base wounded, suffering a gun shot wound to his left leg on April 16, 1915, noted as a "slight skin wound left thigh outside" and admitted to No. 2 Field Ambulance for treatment. He was later attached to the 3rd Brigade as an Orderly in November 1915. The summer of 1916 saw McTurk encounted a bout of influenza, being hospitalized for three days, from June 11-14th, rejoining the 10th Battalion in the field upon discharge. He was also attached to the Divisional Grenade School from December 3-9th, 1916. McTurk was awarded the Croix de Guerre by His Majesty King Albert I of Belgium, as cited on July 12, 1918 in the London Gazette 30792. The latter part of 1918 would see McTurk incurring illnesses. He was admitted to No. 10 Canadian Field Ambulance on November 1st and diagnosed with P.U.O. (Pyrexia of Unknown Origin = fever), hospitalized for two weeks, before being discharged on the 14th. He returned to the 10th Battalion for one month, until the morning of December 13, 1918, when he experienced a "pain in (the) small of (his) back "couldn't move", (then the) pain went away", the doctor at No. 2 Canadian Field Ambulance also noting that McTurk was "consciuous of (his) heart and is not breathless". It was determined that he was suffering from Myalgia (muscle pain, a symptom of many diseases and disorders, with the most common causes being the overuse or over-stretching of a muscle or group of muscles; Myalgia without a traumatic history is often due to viral infections). He was transferred that day to No. 1 Canadian Field Ambulance, then to No. 44 Casualty Clearing Station on the 14th with "pain in (the) loins". He was again transferred on the 19th to No. 13 General Hospital at Boulogne, where it was noted that his "heart (was) enlarged". He was stuck off strength of the 10th Battalion to the Alberta Regimental Depot on the 25th at Bramshott. In was on Christmas Day that he was transferred to the St. John Voluntary Aid Detachment at Cheltenham for further treatment. After three weeks, he was transferred to No. 4 Canadian General Hospital at Barringstoke on January 20, 1919, making a full recovery and was discharged on February 6th. He was to experience no disabilities from any of his injuries or illnesses. McTurk was awarded the Army Meritorious Service Medal in Recognition of Valuable Services Rendered in France, as cited on January 18, 1919 in the London Gazette 31132 and in the Canadian Gazette on April 12, 1919. Upon the ceasing of hostilities, he was transferred to Kimmel Park Camp to await transport to Canada, being stuck off strength and embarking Glasgow, Scotland for Canada aboard the S.S. Saturnia on March 30, 1919. He was discharged upon demobilization on April 14, 1919, at Dispersal Station "P", Military District No. 12 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. In addition to his WWI trio, the MSM and the Belgian Croix de Guerre, he was entitled to wear the War Service Badge, Class "A", number 67111, credited with having served in both France and Flanders. McTurk died on March 2, 1979, at the age of 85, the location undetermined.