A DSM Group to Brigadier General William Mason Fassett; 37th Infantry Division
A DSM Group to Brigadier General William Mason Fassett; 37th Infantry Division - Army Distinguished Service Medal (bronze with blue enamels, 37.5 mm, original ribbon with brooch pinback); WWI Victory Medal, 2 Clasps - ST. MIHIEL, YPRES-LYS (bronze, 36 mm, original ribbon with brooch pinback); France: Order of the Legion of Honour, Officer, Third Republic (silver gilt and enamels, hallmarked on the tip of the wreath, 40 mm x 53.5 mm inclusive of its wreath suspension, large rosette on the ribbon, dual prong pinback); France: War Cross 1914-1918 (bronze, 37.3 mm, original ribbon with safety pin attachment); Belgium: War Cross (bronze, 39 mm x 62.5 mm, original original with dual prong pinback); Spain: Order of Military Merit with Red Distinction, Silver Cross (silver, 28 mm x 44 mm, bar on an original ribbon with traditional rectangular hanger with pinback); New Hampshire World War Service Medal 1917-1918 (bronze, 46.2 mm, original ribbon with pinback); West Point Graduates Medal (two-piece construction, silver and gilt bronze with black enamels, maker marked "METROPOLITAN ARTCRAFT N.Y.C." on the reverse, 24.5 mm, "1802 1892" printed in gold-coloured ink on its original ribbon with, pinback hanger inscribed in black ink "FASSETT '97"); Heavy Weight Wrestling Sport Medal 1886 (silver, engraved "Heavy Weight Wrestling" in the centre and dated "1886" in the shield below, 31.7 mm x 35.8 mm, engraved "D.A.A." on the pinback hanger); Tug of War Sport Medal 1886 (silver, engraved "Tug of War" in the centre and dated "1886" in the shield below, 32.2 mm x 35.8 mm, engraved "D.A.A." on the pinback hanger); Army Distinguished Service Medal Ribbon Bar (10.5 mm x 36 mm, pinback); WWI Victory Medal Ribbon Bar (10 mm x 36 mm, pinback); two Brigadier General's Stars (silvered silver, 23 mm x 24 mm each, horizontal pinbacks); two Colonel's Eagle Rank Insignia (die-stamped silver, left and right-facing set, 19.8 mm x 48 mm each, horizontal pinbacks); two General Staff Branch Insignia (two-piece construction, bronze, 28.8 mm x 30.7 mm each, horizontal pinbacks); an Infantry Branch Insignia (bronze, 26 mm x 50.7 mm, horizontal pinback); a Signal Corps Branch Insignia (bronze, 27.5 mm x 31 mm, horizontal pinback); a U.S. Army Collar Insignia (bronze, 14.5 mm x 29.7 mm, horizontal pinback); and a Vintage Photograph of a Woman (black and white, circular, 29.5 mm, darkened). Tarnishing evident on the two Sports Medals. Extremely fine. Footnote: William Mason Fassett was born in Nashua, New Hampshire. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Class of 1892, on June 21, 1893, standing forty-first in his class. He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant with the 4th Infantry Division on June 11, 1897, then transferred as a 2nd Lieutenant to the 21st Infantry Division on December 2, 1897. He was awarded a Silver Star Citation for actions during the Spanish-American War, covering the three and a half week period, from June 22 to July 17, 1898, as noted: "William Mason Fassett, United States Army, was cited for gallantry in action during the Santiago de Cuba Campaign, 22 June to 17 July 1898. General Orders: U.S. Military Academy Register of Graduates". He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on March 2, 1899, then designated "Troops" and transferred to the 5th Infantry Division on February 27, 1902. Fassett was promoted to Captain with the 13th Infantry Division on April 14, 1902. He served in the Division of Militia Affairs from April 11, 1913 to August 15, 1915, in the grade of Captain, Signal Corps. Fassett served as a Brigadier General with the 37th Infantry Division during the First World War, named as the seventh commander of the division, effective December 5, 1918. The 37th Infantry Division was federally activated in August 1917 as a National Guard Division from Ohio. It was sent overseas in June 1918 and fought at the Meuse-Argonne and at Ypres-Lys. Their casualties totaled 5,387 (Killed in Action: 794, Wounded in Action: 4,593). Fassett was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal for actions during the First World War, his citation stating: "The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Brigadier General William MasonFassett, United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War I. In the forcing of the crossing of the Escaut River, Belgium, in November 1918, and the establishment of a bridgehead thereat, General Fassett demonstrated his ability as a leader. The successful operation of his brigade in this and in ensuing actions were greatly influenced by his efforts. General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)". He retired in the rank of Colonel, making his home in Nashua. Fassett died on March 23, 1958.