A Document Group to Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves Recipient
A Document Group to Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves Recipient - Generaloberst Johannes Friessner; Staff of the General Command of the 23rd Army Corps Congratulatory Document (congratulating Friessner upon his award of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, handpainted artwork, with sixteen signatures, 207 mm x 293 mm); Army Non-Commissioned Officers School at Treptoe/Rega Congratulatory Document (congratulating Friessner upon his award of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, handpainted artwork, with sixteen signatures, 208 mm x 299 mm); Letter to Supreme Commander Friessner of the Narwa Army Group (dated April 8, 1944, with eight Generals' signatures from the 9th Army Group, 209 mm x 297 mm); Korps Signal Detachment 423 Congratulatory Card (dated April 1944, congratulating Friessner upon his award of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, embossed oak leaf on the cover, handpainted regimental flag, signed by Oberstleutnant Heyne "in the field", two hole punched at the left, 110 mm x 158 mm); Pioneer Battalion 85 (Mountain Battalion 85) Congratulatory Card (dated June 20, 1943, congratulating Friessner upon his award of the German Cross in Gold, handpainted, signed by the Captain/Battalion Commander, 108 mm x 158 mm, enclosed in a 112 mm x 161 mm pressed paper cover, in a 119 mm x 183 mm envelope addressed to 41st Panzer Corps East Commanding General Friessner); 43rd Army Corps Birthday Card (dated March 22, 1944, signed by the Generalleutnant, handpainted cover and inscription, 175 mm x 247 mm); Korps Signal Detachment 423 Birthday Card (dated March 18, 1944, signed by Oberstleutnant Heyne, handpainted cover, with a pasted-in 70 mm x 100 mm black and white photograph, inscribed "ROGEN" under the photo, 150 mm x 210 mm); Christmas Wish Letter from the 13. Panzer Division Commander (addressed to Friessner, dated December 21, 1944, with extensive strikingly candid commentary on the course of events on the Eastern Front in December 1944, 210 mm x 297 mm); Army Group Commander Card (Command Flag for the Commander of an Army Group at the upper left and inscribed "IM OSTEN." (In The East) at the upper right, without message, 119 mm x 164 mm); two Photographs of Friessner in Uniform (black and white, gloss finish, marked "Friedrichsdorf" below the photo, 122 mm x 172 mm; and black and white, matte finish, 192 mm x 243 mm), along with handwritten translations for most of the documents. Footnote: Johannes Friessner was born on March 22, 1892 in Chemnitz, Kingdom of Saxony. He enlisted in the German Army in 1911 and, after seeing extensive duty during the First World War, he served in the Reichswehr following the war. After his promotion to Generalmajor on August 1, 1940, during the Second World War, Friessner was assigned to the Eastern Front where, on May 1, 1942, he would be placed in command of the 102nd Infantry Division. Shortly after his promotion to Generalleutnant on October 1, 1942, Friessner served as commander of XXIII Corps from January 19 to December 11, 1943, during which time he was promoted to General der Infanterie on April 1st. In February 1944, Friessner was transferred to the Northern Front and assigned command to Sponheimer Group (renamed army detachment "Narva" on February 23rd). He was promoted to Generaloberst on July 1st, and briefly held command of Army Group North until July 25th, before being sent to the southern front to command South Ukraine Army Group (later renamed the Army Group Southeast). Unable to halt the four month Soviet offensive by Marshal Rodion Malinovsky's Second Ukrainian Front, Friessner was relieved of his command on December 22nd and would hold no further command for the remainder of the war. In 1951, he was the chairman of the Verbund Deutsche Soldaten. During the early 1950s, he was active in advising on the redevelopment of the German Army (Bundeswehr). In 1956, Friessner wrote "Verratene Schlachten" (Betrayed Battles), a memoir of his tour of command of the South Ukraine Army Group. Friessner lived in retirement in Bayerisch Gmain, Bavaria, until his death on June 26, 1971. During his military career, he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class 1914 on September 15, 1914, the Iron Cross 1st Class 1914 on September 19, 1916, the Prussian Order of the Crown, 4th Class, the Saxon Knights Cross of the Military Order of St. Henry on November 27, 1916, the Saxon Knight's Cross 2nd Class of the Order of Albert with Swords, the Wound Badge in Black in 1918, the Honour Cross of the World War 1914-1918 (Hindenburg Cross), the Clasp to the Iron Cross 2nd Class 1939 on July 27, 1942, the Clasp to the Iron Cross 1st Class 1939 on August 21, 1942, the German Cross in Gold on June 9, 1943 as General der Infanterie and commanding general of the XXXXI. Panzerkorps, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (the Knight's Cross on July 23, 1943 as General der Infanterie and commanding general of the XXIII. Armeekorps, the Oak Leaves April 9, 1944 as General der Infanterie and leader of the Army Detachment Narwa) and the War Merit Cross 1939 1st Class and 2nd class with Swords. He was also Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht (Armed Forces Report) on November 29, 1944: "German forces together with the allied Hungarian armed forces under the command of Colonel General Friessner have since 29 October withstood the almost continuous onslaught of 61 divisions and 7 armored corps of the Bolsheviks and Romanians."