1914 Accession of Prince William of Wied Medal
1914 Accession of Prince William of Wied Medal - Bronze, 28.3 mm x 37.7 mm, light contact, extremely fine. Footnote: This medal was the first Royal Albanian decoration. With the decline of Ottoman Turkish power, an independent Albania was created after the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913. William, Prince of Wied (1876-1945), a well-connected German army officer, was selected by the great powers of Europe, with consent of the Albanians, to be "mpret" (ruler) of Albania and ascended the throne on February 21, 1914. William was born on March 26, 1876, the third son of William, Prince of Wied and his wife Marie of the Netherlands. He was nephew of Queen Elizabeth of Romania. Civil war soon made his position untenable and the coming of World War I broke down all foreign aid. A rebellion under Essad Pasha was successful, and lacking support among the large powers, William was forced to retire on September 3, 1914, although he refused to abdicate. He died on April 18, 1945 at Predeal near Sinaia in Romania. The medal was designed by Gustave Gurschner (1873-1971), an active sculptor and designer based in Vienna, who designed many medals for Balkan and other countries.