1853 Pattern Cavalry Sabre
1853 Pattern Cavalry Sabre - Measuring 1,070 mm, with the scabbard on, this sabre features an 1,040 mm long, slightly-curved, fullered on both sides, magnetic, steel blade, with a single dull edge, remaining bright and crisp, and having a sharp tip. It is marked with a crown over a "7" on the ricasso on one side and maker marked with a knight's helmet on the other side, along with being marked with a "B" on the blade spine. It exhibits light wear and scratching overall, common to extraction and return to the scabbard. Natural shine, better than very fine. Three bar steel hilt, magnetic, with black leather fish skin style grips embedded on either side, held in place by five rivets which pass through the handle, the underlying tang being an extension of the blade, plus raised pommel, the entire hilt exhibiting surface rust and slotted near the grip. The scabbard has a durable silvered metal body, magnetic, with flattened u-shaped finial and locket, two suspension rings, weighing 968 grams and measuring 925 mm in length, surface rust throughout, free of dents. A terrific Crimean War collectible, in very fine condition.Footnote: This sword was introduced to the Army prior to the start of the Crimean War, the first sword in common use for the Heavy and Light Cavalry and was also the first sword with the tang being an extension of the blade, in order to increase strength. It was carried by half of the troopers involved in the Charge of the Light Brigade, the other half carrying the 1821 pattern. It was not popular with the regiments, as it was said that the leather grip being riveted to the tang with a rounded frame, caused the sword to twist in the hand. The strength of the blade was also put into question causing the authorities to test production samples. Some tests were done and all stood up very well. The 1853 pattern survived until 1864, when a new guard was introduced. This new guard was put on the existing 1853 pattern blade and the blade was not changed until as late as 1880. It was the last sword to have a three bar hilt, as the hilt was found to be fragile and costly to repair, so some form of bowl or pierce sheet guard were instituted and became the common choices.